World War II was primarily a conflict between the Allies (the United States, the United Kingdom, France and Russia) and the Axis powers (Germany, Japan and Italy). The Axis also included Bulgaria, Romania and Hungary, while Finland, Thailand and Iraq joined the fight on their side as cobelligerents. The Allies were joined by a host of other countries from around the world that contributed forces or supplies to the fight.
The full list of Allied powers also included Poland, China, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Yugoslavia, Greece, the Netherlands, Belgium, South Africa, Norway, Czechoslovakia, Ethiopia, Brazil, Denmark, Luxembourg, Cuba and Mexico. In addition, both sides had client states and colonies that were involved in the global struggle.
Certain countries were more active in different theaters of the war. Japan, for instance, was entirely absent from the European theater of war, while the Pacific theater was heavily dominated by the American, Australian and New Zealand forces due to their proximity to Japan's territory. China was largely relegated to a defensive role against Japan's aggression, although the country did serve a vital role supporting air raids over the Japanese mainland. France was caught in the middle of the conflict, with the legitimate government overthrown and the Vichy regime set up in its place to support the Axis. However, the French resistance was an important force throughout the war, and entire villages were razed by the Germans in retribution for their determined refusal to give in.Learn More
France and Britain declared war on Germany on Sept 3, 1939 in response to Germany's invasion of Poland on Sept 1, 1939. France and Germany were allies, and they combined forces with many other allied countries to defeat Germany.Full Answer >
Adolf Hitler's trademark was his unique moustache style that formed a rectangle on top of his upper lip. He was of average build, with dark brown hair and brown eyes.Full Answer >
World War II was won by the Allies, which consisted of the United States, Britain, Australia, France, China, the Soviet Union and Canada. There were other countries involved in the defeat of the Axis alliance, however, the Allies played the most important role.Full Answer >
Anne Frank's major accomplishment was writing her diary, which she kept for more than two years while she and her family were hiding from the Nazis during World War II. The family was eventually discovered and taken to concentration camps, and the diary was found after the family was deported. Her diary endures as a testament to the human spirit.Full Answer >