Negative effects of the Crusades included the repeated defeats of the Christian armies, the slaughter of innocents and the looting of Constantinople. The destruction of Constantinople severed any hope of mending the East-West schism in Christianity, and this event left the Byzantine Empire vulnerable to the Ottoman Empire.Know More
Massacres during the First Crusade occurred when Count Emicho led a campaign that resulted in the murder of innocent Jews throughout the Rhineland during the First Crusade of 1096. This resulted in strained relations between Jews and Christians. Christian armies also slaughtered men, women and children by the hundreds on their way to capture Jerusalem.
Christian armies suffered numerous defeats throughout the Crusades. For instance, the armies of King Louis VII of France and King Conrad III of Germany were defeated during the Second Crusade at the hands of Muslim armies in Damascus. The Crusaders that occupied Jerusalem were conquered by Muslim ruler Saladin, which prompted the Third Crusade.
The pillaging of Constantinople occurred during the Fourth Crusade. Pope Innocent III toppled Alex III of Byzantine in favor of his nephew, who would later become Alexius IV. Alexius' attempt to impose Roman authority over Byzantine was met with resistance, and he was subsequently killed. The Crusaders declared war on Constantinople, which resulted in the conquest and looting of the city. Churches were also pillaged, and many people were killed.Learn More
Numerous social, religious and economic factors contributed to the launch of the Crusades, but primary among these was Europe's growing capacity for conquest. Having recently recovered from the Dark Ages, the nations of Europe were able to launch large-scale military action for the first time in centuries.Full Answer >
The Crusades were a series of holy wars fueled by two major causes: the Pope's desire to expand the Holy Roman Empire and the reclamation of the Holy Land. In the 11th century, Christians and Muslims were at odds over the ownership of Jerusalem, a holy site for both Christianity and Islam.Full Answer >
In the Crusades, Richard the Lionheart was important because he helped the crusaders take possession of Joppa due to his victory at Arsuf and came close to taking possession of Jerusalem. He was determined to fight in the Third Crusade and financed his fight by selling offices and sheriffdoms before he left for the Holy Land in 1190.Full Answer >
As a result of the Crusades, Europe saw tremendous intellectual growth, a strengthening of the merchant class through expansion in trade and the rise of new banking institutions. Unfortunately, all of these benefits came at the tremendous cost of lost lives and fortunes.Full Answer >