According to the NASA, Nicolaus Copernicus developed the heliocentric theory of astronomy and determined that Earth rotates on its axis. Born in 1473, Copernicus is known as the father of astronomy, paving the way for other astronomers, such as Galileo, to make later advancements.Know More
According to NASA, Nicolaus Copernicus is most famous for the heliocentric, also known as sun-centered, theory of astronomy. The heliocentric theory is the theory that the planets orbit around the sun. Before Copernicus, the main scientific belief was Ptolemy's geocentric theory, which stated that Earth was the center of the universe and that the sun and planets revolved around it. Because his theory directly opposed what the majority of people believed, Copernicus faced a great deal of opposition from both the Catholic Church and the scientific community of the 15th century.
Because Copernicus did not have access to a telescope and was forced to observe the sky with the naked eye, he could not prove the heliocentric theory and died in 1543 before it was proven correct. By the 17th century, however, future astronomers, such as Galileo, were able to prove Copernicus' geocentric theory as correct by using both observations from telescopes and breakthroughs in physics.Learn more in Inventions
Nicolaus Copernicus is best known for being the father of what would later become humans' modern understanding of the solar system. Prior to this determination, scientists believed that all the objects in the solar system orbited around the Earth itself.Full Answer >
Polish astronomer Nicolas Copernicus, considered the father of modern astronomy, is also, for all intents and purposes, the inventor of the globe. To illustrate his belief that the Earth was spherical, Copernicus built globes and terrain models called armillary spheres. These constructions were the first globes.Full Answer >
Nicolaus Copernicus never married and did not have any children, although he did have a relationship with Anna Schilling, his housekeeper. Nicolaus did, however, take care of his five nephews and nieces after his sister died.Full Answer >
Albert Einstein made numerous accomplishments that advanced humanity's thinking about physics, including the Special Theory of Relativity and the General Theory of Relativity, according to the official website of the Nobel Prize. Einstein earned the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1921. The scientist also won the Copley Medal in 1925 and the Franklin Medal in 1935.Full Answer >