The Nine Gems of Akbar were an advisory council for the Mughal Emperor Akbar. Their names were Abul Fazl, Faizi, Mian Tansen, Raja Birbal, Raja Todar Mal, Raja Man Singh, Abdul Rahim Khan-I-Khan, Fagir Aziao Din and Mullah Do Piaza. Akbar intended that this advisory council enlighten and guide him during his reign. The Nine Gems were named so because of their intellectual prowess and talents.Know More
The Mughal Emperor Akbar was illiterate but did not allow that to prevent him from satisfying his intellectual curiosity. Under his reign, music, architecture and art all flourished, attracting intellectual minds to his court. The Nine Gems weren't a homogeneous group, consisting of writers, singers, poets, finance ministers and warriors, with their talents often overlapping. They weren't restricted by class either; Raja Birbal began life as a poor Brahmin who entered Akbar's court by virtue of his wit and wisdom, working as a court jester and later as his minister.
Dr. Neria H. Hebbar hypothesizes that Akbar's difficulties with reading stemmed from dyslexia, while Gur Rattan Pal Singh of The Tribune regards the formation of the Nine Gems as a way of compensating for his illiteracy. Regardless, Akbar demonstrated powerful curiosity and tolerance, regularly assembling religious leaders to hear their competing ideologies and encouraging art and intellectualism to flourish.Learn more about Modern Asia
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, also known as Mahatma Gandhi, led the independence movement of India against the British, working against racial and socioeconomic repression. He used nonviolent tactics, inspiring civil rights movements across the world.Full Answer >
The Filipino Senate of 2010-2013 was composed of 24 individuals, with the most prominent members being Edgardo J. Angara, Joker P. Arroyo, Gregorio B. Honasan II, Panfilo M. Lacson, and Kiko Pangilinan.Full Answer >
A controversial figure in Chinese history, Mao Zedong founded the People's Republic of China, transforming the nation into a socialist state and nationalizing industry and business under the government while implementing socialist reforms. His ideology, a combination of Marxist-Leninist thought and his political and military policies, is referred to under the collective umbrella of Maoism. He's praised for modernizing China and criticized for being a dictator who violated human rights.Full Answer >
The greatest achievement of Mahatma Gandhi is his lifelong fight for India's independence, which finally happened on August 15, 1947. After India won its independence from British rule in 1947, Gandhi successfully fasted for 21 days, which encouraged the Muslims and Indians to end their war.Full Answer >