The Nine Gems of Akbar were an advisory council for the Mughal Emperor Akbar. Their names were Abul Fazl, Faizi, Mian Tansen, Raja Birbal, Raja Todar Mal, Raja Man Singh, Abdul Rahim Khan-I-Khan, Fagir Aziao Din and Mullah Do Piaza. Akbar intended that this advisory council enlighten and guide him during his reign. The Nine Gems were named so because of their intellectual prowess and talents.
The Mughal Emperor Akbar was illiterate but did not allow that to prevent him from satisfying his intellectual curiosity. Under his reign, music, architecture and art all flourished, attracting intellectual minds to his court. The Nine Gems weren't a homogeneous group, consisting of writers, singers, poets, finance ministers and warriors, with their talents often overlapping. They weren't restricted by class either; Raja Birbal began life as a poor Brahmin who entered Akbar's court by virtue of his wit and wisdom, working as a court jester and later as his minister.
Dr. Neria H. Hebbar hypothesizes that Akbar's difficulties with reading stemmed from dyslexia, while Gur Rattan Pal Singh of The Tribune regards the formation of the Nine Gems as a way of compensating for his illiteracy. Regardless, Akbar demonstrated powerful curiosity and tolerance, regularly assembling religious leaders to hear their competing ideologies and encouraging art and intellectualism to flourish.Learn More
The key events in the career of Sun Yixian (or Sun Yat-sen) were his exile as a result of coup plotting, his election as the first president of the Republic of China and his election as the first leader of Kuomintang. History remembers him as a revolutionary and the father of modern China.Full Answer >
Apolinario Mabini was a Filipino political philosopher, revolutionary and political adviser. He was born in 1864, and in 1896, both his legs became physically disabled from polio.Full Answer >
Apolinario Mabini dedicated his life so that Filipinos could attain independence from the Spanish government. Known as "the Brains of the Revolution," Mabini was born on July 22, 1864 in Tanauan, Batangas, and is considered a great Filipino revolutionary hero.Full Answer >
The Manchurian Incident, commonly known as the Mukden Incident, was an explosion staged by rogue military officials in the attempt to justify the Japanese invasion of northeastern China, or Manchuria, in 1931. Fueled by economic and political interests, the incident involved placing a small amount of dynamite next to a Japanese-owned railway line near Mukden on Sept. 18, 1931.Full Answer >