The Nine Gems of Akbar were an advisory council for the Mughal Emperor Akbar. Their names were Abul Fazl, Faizi, Mian Tansen, Raja Birbal, Raja Todar Mal, Raja Man Singh, Abdul Rahim Khan-I-Khan, Fagir Aziao Din and Mullah Do Piaza. Akbar intended that this advisory council enlighten and guide him during his reign. The Nine Gems were named so because of their intellectual prowess and talents.Know More
The Mughal Emperor Akbar was illiterate but did not allow that to prevent him from satisfying his intellectual curiosity. Under his reign, music, architecture and art all flourished, attracting intellectual minds to his court. The Nine Gems weren't a homogeneous group, consisting of writers, singers, poets, finance ministers and warriors, with their talents often overlapping. They weren't restricted by class either; Raja Birbal began life as a poor Brahmin who entered Akbar's court by virtue of his wit and wisdom, working as a court jester and later as his minister.
Dr. Neria H. Hebbar hypothesizes that Akbar's difficulties with reading stemmed from dyslexia, while Gur Rattan Pal Singh of The Tribune regards the formation of the Nine Gems as a way of compensating for his illiteracy. Regardless, Akbar demonstrated powerful curiosity and tolerance, regularly assembling religious leaders to hear their competing ideologies and encouraging art and intellectualism to flourish.Learn More
Human habitation of Okinawa Island dates to 32,000 years ago. By the 14th century, three centers of power had developed, later united as the Ryukyu Kingdom under one ruler in the 15th century. Around 1800, Japan took over Okinawa. The tragic Battle of Okinawa in World War II produced heavy destruction, and with Japan’s defeat, the U.S. military ruled from 1945 until 1972 when Okinawa reverted to Japan.Full Answer >
Srinivasa Ramanujan made great contributions to the field of mathematics, including a collaboration with well-known mathematician H.G. Hardy in developing the formula for the number, p(n), of partitions of a number "n." His discoveries also led to the infinite series for infinity formulation.Full Answer >
Thailand does not have an independence day because it was never colonized, but it was began in 1238 by two governors: Khun Pha Muang and Khun Bang Klang Thao. Thailand started as a small state called Sukhothai, and extended its boundaries between 1238 and 1438.Full Answer >
The Boxer Rebellion occurred when a conservative nationalist government took power in China in 1898 and prompted the Boxers, a secret society with anti-Christian sentiments, to rebel against the presence of Westerners in the country. The Boxers were generally anti-foreigner but focused particularly on Chinese Christians and Christian missionaries.Full Answer >