Goals of the former President of the Independent Republic of the Philippines Elpidio Quirino, included reconstructing the nation and restoring the faith and confidence of the people after the Battle of Manila, during which his own wife, son and two daughters were killed. Having served in the Senate and having helped create the nation's constitution, the former vice president succeeded leader Manuel Roxas after his death in 1948.Know More
Quirino's biggest challenge was the strong opposition he faced from the rival Nationalist Party, who accused him of misappropriation of funds. Though he was re-elected in 1949, it too came with rumors of voter fraud and intimidation.
As President, Quirino sought to improve the social and economic conditions of the Philippines and further established strong relations with Asian and Western countries. He also faced threats from the Communist "Huk" movement, a movement that was not suppressed until after his tenure.
While his postwar reconstruction efforts were considered moderately successful, the Liberal Quirino was often criticized by the Nationalists for failing to implement much-needed reforms and putting U.S. interests before those of Filipinos.
Amid allegations of corruption, Quirino's Defense Secretary Ramon Magsaysay resigned and joined the Nationalist Party. He would then go on to defeat Quirino in the general election of 1953.Learn more in Modern Asia
A controversial figure in Chinese history, Mao Zedong founded the People's Republic of China, transforming the nation into a socialist state and nationalizing industry and business under the government while implementing socialist reforms. His ideology, a combination of Marxist-Leninist thought and his political and military policies, is referred to under the collective umbrella of Maoism. He's praised for modernizing China and criticized for being a dictator who violated human rights.Full Answer >
Jose Rizal was a hero of Filipino ancestry who was not inspired by any person, so much as by the plight of his people under Spanish colonial rule. He was a prodigy from a very young age, and eventually excelled at medicine, literature, martial arts, painting and agriculture.Full Answer >
The ancient Hebrew nation is a prime example of theocracy because the nation was ruled by God through the human prophet Moses, who conveyed his words and laws to his people. In the Muslim culture, a theocracy existed as well with the prophet Muhammad.Full Answer >
The Hindu Widows' Remarriage Act was passed by the East India Company in 1856. The East India Company was a colonial government composed of British merchants. The company ruled in India from 1757 to 1858.Full Answer >