Soldiers returning from World War 1 suffered from a wide range of conditions collectively described as shell shock, which resulted in symptoms ranging from panic attacks to neurotic paralysis of the body. According to HealthGuidance, these types of mental effects are now formally referred to as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).Know More
WebMD states that PTSD is "a serious condition that can develop after a person has experienced or witnessed a traumatic or terrifying event in which serious physical harm occurred or was threatened." The cause of shell shock in World War 1 soldiers was due to the traumatic scenes they had witnessed combined with a large amount of time spent away from civilization. Soldiers were often under constant machine gun fire and witnessed fellow soldiers killed by enemy bombs and ammunition.
Former soldiers have been known to react strongly to anything that reminds them of the traumas they experienced and may begin to avoid anything they associate with them. Soldiers may also be reluctant to mingle socially due to loud noises that remind them of bombings or crowds of people that remind them of their time spent in crowded trenches. According to NBC News, one in every eight soldiers suffers from PTSD.Learn more about World War 1
While the official ages to serve in all of the countries in World War 1 ranged from about 17-45 years old, records indicate that some soldiers serving in the British army were as young as 12 years old.Full Answer >
Although an exact figure is not possible owing to questionable accuracy and destroyed records, approximately 8.5 to 10.8 million soldiers were killed during World War I. Of these deaths, 5.1 to 6.4 million were inflicted on the Allied nations, while 3.3 to 4.3 million were suffered by the Central Powers.Full Answer >
Uniforms of American soldiers in World War I consisted of a tunic, overcoat and trousers in olive drab wool for winter, with a lighter weight of khaki cotton for summer. The uniforms for enlisted men and officers were substantially the same, with the same design and placement of high collars, pockets and shoulder straps.Full Answer >
While each of the countries involved in World War I outfitted their soldiers differently, there were many common features among the soldiers' gear. Common soldiers carried rifles or carbines equipped with bayonets, while officers generally carried a pistol and a sword or baton as a secondary weapon. A gas mask was an indispensable part of the soldier's kit due to the development and widespread use of mustard gas.Full Answer >