From 206 B.C. to A.D. 221, the Han Dynasty saw advancements in technology, philosophy and trade. However, internal and external influences caused the collapse of the Han Dynasty in the year A.D. 221. The reasons for this Chinese dynasty's collapse range from apathetic rulers to aggression from outside hordes. As a result of its collapse, China was divided into the Three Kingdoms and would not reunite for another 400 years.Know More
Internally, the Han Dynasty started to fall apart when it was ruled by emperors who ruled for their own amusement. The quest for power among scholars and generals led to massacres within the palace.
The economy took a downward spiral when tax revenue hit a low point. The scholars had ruled themselves exempt from taxation, and peasants evaded tax collectors by running into the countryside. The lack of tax money led to a depleted military fund.
With a weakened military budget, the army was not well equipped to defend itself against outside threats. Raids by nomadic peoples, such as the Mongols, were commonplace in China during that era. The Han government did not have the necessary resources to pay off every nomadic warlord it encountered. Ultimately, the Sino-Xiongnu Wars of 133 B.C. to A.D. 89 led to the destabilization of the Han government.Learn more in Middle Ages
The Middle Ages began in the year 476 A.D. and ended around 1300 with the beginning of the Renaissance. The Middle Ages, also called the Medieval Period, began just after the fall of Rome and it dominated the European continent through the early 14th century. The Middle Ages filled a time period between the ending of a great reign and the beginning of a new era characterized by revitalization and cultural growth.Full Answer >
The Shang Dynasty ended after the Battle of Muye, which led to the rise of Zhou Dynasty. The battle took place in the Muye Battle Region, which today is the Xinxiang Region in Henan Province.Full Answer >
The Zhou Dynasty, also spelled "Chou," was the longest dynasty in the history of China. Though exact dates are unknown, scholars and archaeologists place the Zhou Dynasty reign from about 1046 B.C. to 256 B.C.Full Answer >
The Qin Dynasty is known for having unified most of what became known as China under one leader. This leader, Qin Shihuangdi, defeated the other warring states to consolidate power. The name "Qin," which is pronounced as "chin," is the source of the modern name "China."Full Answer >