According to Marquette University, the Russian Revolution of 1917 resulted in the end of the tsar and aristocracy along with the beginning of communism. After a series of foreign wars and taxes on the Russian population, the Russian Revolution overthrew Tsar Nicholas II in February 1917. After disagreement between the two main political parties, another revolution in October 1917 declared Bolshevik Vladimir Lenin leader.
After the Russian Revolution, a series of battles and statutory changes permanently altered Russia’s political history. Lenin ended participation in World War I after seizing power. With a lack of resources for the current population and veterans from World War I, a civil war erupted between the Reds and Whites. The Whites propagated the reinstatement of the monarchy to fix the problems in the country, and the Reds constituted the Bolsheviks. In order to allay fears of another revolution, a bloody civil war consumed the country. The Reds killed dissenters and the nobility, and a new era of terror crippled the country over the next several decades.
The Bolsheviks renamed the country The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in 1922 at the end of the civil war, solidifying the Russian Revolution of 1917. The Bolshevik regime remained in power until the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991.Learn More
Although Karl Marx died long before the Russian Revolution actually took place, he is credited with having the radical political views that eventually led to the revolution. Mark was an extremely influential writer in the 1800s. With the help of Friedrich Engels, he published the work “The Communist Manifesto,” which discussed the theory of socialism following the problems found with capitalism.Full Answer >
Karl Marx influenced the Russian Revolution by publishing his book, "The Communist Manifesto" on February 21, 1848 calling for a revolution from the working class people of the world in order to tear down capitalism. The Russian Revolution was built upon the ideas Marx laid out in the book, and Lenin believed that with Marx's doctrines, he could change the Russian state.Full Answer >
In Vladimir Lenin's government in the Russian Revolution, Leon Trotsky first played the role of Commissar for Foreign Affairs and then the leader of the Red Army. In the Bolshevik government, he was second only to Lenin and seemed destined to succeed him until Joseph Stalin outmaneuvered him politically and banished him from the Soviet Union.Full Answer >
The causes of the 1917 Russian Revolution were the long-term effects of poverty, industrial revolution, ineffective rule and growing political unrest. As a result, World War I became the catalyst that sparked the revolt.Full Answer >