According to Marquette University, the Russian Revolution of 1917 resulted in the end of the tsar and aristocracy along with the beginning of communism. After a series of foreign wars and taxes on the Russian population, the Russian Revolution overthrew Tsar Nicholas II in February 1917. After disagreement between the two main political parties, another revolution in October 1917 declared Bolshevik Vladimir Lenin leader.Know More
After the Russian Revolution, a series of battles and statutory changes permanently altered Russia’s political history. Lenin ended participation in World War I after seizing power. With a lack of resources for the current population and veterans from World War I, a civil war erupted between the Reds and Whites. The Whites propagated the reinstatement of the monarchy to fix the problems in the country, and the Reds constituted the Bolsheviks. In order to allay fears of another revolution, a bloody civil war consumed the country. The Reds killed dissenters and the nobility, and a new era of terror crippled the country over the next several decades.
The Bolsheviks renamed the country The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in 1922 at the end of the civil war, solidifying the Russian Revolution of 1917. The Bolshevik regime remained in power until the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991.Learn more about Modern Europe
The overwhelming cause of the Russian Revolution of 1917 was the inefficiency and failure of the czarist regime in the World War I military effort. This was exacerbated by corruption in the government and a scarcity of food that caused riots to break out first in the capital city of Petrograd and then in other cities.Full Answer >
Karl Marx influenced the Russian Revolution by publishing his book, "The Communist Manifesto" on February 21, 1848 calling for a revolution from the working class people of the world in order to tear down capitalism. The Russian Revolution was built upon the ideas Marx laid out in the book, and Lenin believed that with Marx's doctrines, he could change the Russian state.Full Answer >
In Vladimir Lenin's government in the Russian Revolution, Leon Trotsky first played the role of Commissar for Foreign Affairs and then the leader of the Red Army. In the Bolshevik government, he was second only to Lenin and seemed destined to succeed him until Joseph Stalin outmaneuvered him politically and banished him from the Soviet Union.Full Answer >
According to the History Channel, the Russian revolutions of 1917 led to the withdrawal of Russia from the first World War, a civil war between factions inside Russia, the rise of Vladimir Lenin and the Bolsheviks and the birth of the USSR. It also triggered Marxist revolutions in countries around the world although none were ultimately as successful or long lasting as the Russian revolution.Full Answer >