The Ridda Wars of 632 through 633 A.D. were a series of campaigns during which the first elected Islamic Caliph, Abu Bakr, defeated rebellious Arab tribes just after Mohammed's death. "Ridda" translates roughly to "apostasy."Know More
The large Islamic empire Mohammed had built began to break apart when he died. Several groups rose up to back self-declared caliphs, or leaders of the Islamic faith. In a series of campaigns, Abu Bakr sent his general Usama ibn Zaid to recapture the rebels either through defeating them in battle or by negotiating with them. In the 27 months of his rule before he died of fever, Abu Bakr had reconquered Arabia and Persia and added Syria to the Caliphate.
The echoes of the Ridda Wars continue in modern times in the strife between Sunni and Shi'a Muslims. The Shi'a are the ideological descendants of the rebels.Learn more in Middle Ages
Charlemagne achieved fame for consolidating the Frankish kingdom and then conquering Saxony in a bloody series of 18 battles, but after his death, his Holy Roman Empire passed to his son Louis the Pious. After Louis' passing, the empire split among Louis' three sons Charles the Bald, Louis the German and Lothair, which was the beginning of the growth of smaller nations in medieval Europe.Full Answer >
Joan of Arc was burned to death on a stake in the Place du Vieux-Marche in Rouen, France. It is in the historic capital city of Normandy, and was one of the largest and most prosperous cities of medieval Europe.Full Answer >
Nations go to war for a variety of reasons ranging from political, economical and more. Powerful countries can declare war over precious resources, such as oil. Motivation for war differs throughout history, but the range of impact war can have on a nation is just as vast.Full Answer >
The desire of the Ghazi Turks to expand their territory under Osman I early in the 14th century led to the rise of the Ottoman Empire. These Islamic raiders attracted hordes of nomadic peoples to bolster their army and successfully assaulted the decaying defenses of the Byzantine Empire in Anatolia.Full Answer >