The Ridda Wars of 632 through 633 A.D. were a series of campaigns during which the first elected Islamic Caliph, Abu Bakr, defeated rebellious Arab tribes just after Mohammed's death. "Ridda" translates roughly to "apostasy."Know More
The large Islamic empire Mohammed had built began to break apart when he died. Several groups rose up to back self-declared caliphs, or leaders of the Islamic faith. In a series of campaigns, Abu Bakr sent his general Usama ibn Zaid to recapture the rebels either through defeating them in battle or by negotiating with them. In the 27 months of his rule before he died of fever, Abu Bakr had reconquered Arabia and Persia and added Syria to the Caliphate.
The echoes of the Ridda Wars continue in modern times in the strife between Sunni and Shi'a Muslims. The Shi'a are the ideological descendants of the rebels.Learn more about Middle Ages
Joan of Arc was burned to death on a stake in the Place du Vieux-Marche in Rouen, France. It is in the historic capital city of Normandy, and was one of the largest and most prosperous cities of medieval Europe.Full Answer >
Charlemagne achieved fame for consolidating the Frankish kingdom and then conquering Saxony in a bloody series of 18 battles, but after his death, his Holy Roman Empire passed to his son Louis the Pious. After Louis' passing, the empire split among Louis' three sons Charles the Bald, Louis the German and Lothair, which was the beginning of the growth of smaller nations in medieval Europe.Full Answer >
The faith of Islam spread very swiftly after the death of the Prophet Mohammad in 632 A.D., largely due to three factors. These were, in no certain order, the ease of conversion, the political consolidation of the Islamic state and the remarkable military effectiveness of Islamic armies.Full Answer >
William of Normandy believed he should be king of England because his friend and first cousin once removed, Edward the Confessor, who was the childless king of England from 1042 until his death in 1066, promised William that he would be his successor. When Edward died, however, the deceased king's brother-in-law, Harold, assumed the throne instead. In response to what he felt was an act of betrayal, William decided to take the throne by force and launched a military campaign against the new monarch.Full Answer >