Russia has had many dictators throughout its history, including Ivan the Terrible, Peter the Great, Vladimir Lenin and Joseph Stalin. Most Westerners consider Russian President Vladimir Putin a dictator as well.Know More
Ivan the Terrible (1530-1584) centralized the Russian government and greatly expanded Russia's empire through a ruthless series of military conquests. He was the first man crowned "Tsar of all the Russians."
Peter the Great (1672-1725) might be classified as a benevolent dictator due to his efforts to open the nation to Enlightenment ideas and reforms. Under Peter's rule, Russia became a true world power.
Vladimir Lenin (1870-1924) was a socialist revolutionary who overthrew the old Tsarist regime, effectively ushering in the Soviet era of Russian history. Lenin's nationalization of private land, industry and business led to decades of suffering under Communist despotism.
Joseph Stalin (1878-1953) is a name synonymous with dictatorship. Although effective in guiding his country to victory over Nazi Germany in WWII, Stalin would visit untold horrors on his own people in the form of mass imprisonments, forced labor internment and political purges.
Vladimir Putin (1952-) is Russia's current autocrat as of 2014. A former KGB official, Putin has orchestrated a series of sham elections and undemocratic power grabs in order to ensure himself permanent control over the Russian state. His rule has marked the end of the democratic hope that existed for Russia in the wake of the Soviet Union's collapse. His tenure as Russia's leader has been characterized by an increasingly confrontational stance toward the Western world and an aggressively expansionist policy aimed at restoring the old Soviet sphere of influence.Learn more about Modern History
The most widely documented significant outcome of the Russian Revolution of 1917 is the fall of the Russian Empire and the beginning of Marxian socialism under Vladimir Lenin and his Bolshevik revolutionaries. This marked the beginning of a new era in Russia, especially regarding its political and economic relations with other nation-states.Full Answer >
The 1917 Russian Revolution resulted in the overthrow of the monarchy of Czar Nicholas II, the rise to power of the Russian Bolsheviks led by Vladimir Lenin and the withdrawal of Russia from World War I. A civil war in Russia followed the revolution as the supporters of the old czarist regime, the "whites," struggled with the new Bolshevik powers, the "reds," for control. The Bolsheviks won the civil war and Russia became the Soviet Union, or U.S.S.R., in 1922.Full Answer >
The History Channel explains that the Russian Revolution was comprised of two smaller revolutions, the first of which led to the overthrowing of Nicholas II, the last Russian czar, and the second of which was led by Vladimir Lenin and the Bolsheviks. The Bolsheviks were a radical group of far-left revolutionaries who wished to instill Marxism in Russia.Full Answer >
The Russian Revolution refers to a series of revolutionary actions that took place between March 8, 1917 and Nov. 8, 1917. It started with the February Revolution and ended with the October, or Bolshevik, Revolution. Both are named according to the Julian calendar, which is 13 days behind the Gregorian.Full Answer >