Ancient Ghana was a kingdom. Its social classes consisted of the king and his court, the warrior tribes, local governors and citizens. The Ghana Empire became wealthy from trading gold.Know More
Ancient Ghana, or Wagadugu, its official name, was a kingdom located within what are now the borders of Mauritania, Mali and Senegal on the African continent. The king was in charge. The position was passed down matrilineally, with the king's sister's son inheriting the throne. The king appointed his court members, which were mayors, civil servants, counselors, ministers (later prime ministers or viziers) and other managers who filled administrative roles.
The tribal warriors, the Soninkes, were a powerful group. The Soninkes were responsible for overthrowing the first Ghana government, which was ruled by the Berbers. That takeover and the ensuing outside conquests by the Soninkes enabled the Ghana Empire's great expansion. The Ghana Empire incorporated its conquered provinces into the kingdom. These territories were ruled by governors appointed by the king.
Outside of the leaders, the rest of the population was citizens. Some elderly citizens assumed leadership or management positions within communities. Ancient Ghana was a wealthy kingdom from the gold trade. The main source of gold came from the Senegal area. Land between the upper Niger River and Senegal River was rich with resources.Learn more about Ancient History
Babylonia had three social classes: the awilu, an upper class consisting of free persons; the mushkenu, who were free individuals of low estate and the wardu, who were slaves. Babylonia was ruled by a king, assisted by nobles from the upper class of awilu.Full Answer >
There was a distinct difference between the social classes in ancient Songhai, with the emperor being at the top surrounded by wealthy, political and intellectual individuals; common citizens in the class below them; and slaves at the lower end of the social structure. At its peak, the Songhai Empire was the largest in existence in Africa, consisting of thousands of tribes.Full Answer >
The social structure that existed in Ancient China was based on an agricultural feudal system that consisted of a ruling class of kings, nobles and provincial warlords and, representing the largest portion of society, the peasants who farmed the land and usually turned over a portion of their crops to the ruling class. Religion was a powerful tool in maintaining control over Ancient Chinese society, which functioned in the manner of a theocracy. The dynastic rulers were believed to be the earthly representatives of the gods, and their appointment to the throne was based on lineage and ancestry.Full Answer >
The culture of Ancient India influenced the modern world in multiple ways, with the most notable contributions being Buddhism, yoga and the numeral system that later developed into the Arabic numerals. The ancient Indians also made significant improvements to agriculture, including the development of sugar refinement, cotton cultivation and jute cultivation.Full Answer >