The three goals of Prince Metternich during the Congress of Vienna were to curtail liberal and nationalistic tendencies, restore the ruling families of Europe to their thrones and maintain a balance of power among European nations. The Congress, which was attended by the ambassadors of France, Austria, Prussia, Russia and England, was headed by Austria's envoy, Prince Clemens Wenzel Nepomuk Lothar von Metternich-Winneburg.Know More
The Congress convened at Vienna, Austria in the autumn of 1814. Major European powers wanted to establish a plan of lasting peace and redraw the map of Europe by realigning new territorial borders. Although several of the attending nations were former allies in war, each had its own agenda in furthering their best interests.
Prince Metternich saw the Congress of Vienna as an opportunity to stem the tide of nationalism that was sweeping across all of Europe. He used his diplomatic skills to exercise a strong influence on the proceedings. The Austrian Prince was convinced that liberalism and nationalism created disorder and fostered revolutionary thoughts. The Metternich Age, between 1815 and 1848, was a period when revolutionary movements were successfully suppressed. The Congress also aimed to reinstate the ruling families to their thrones. Metternich wanted a monarchy where power was equally shared among the privileged classes of society. He attempted to forge the postwar Quadruple Alliance of England, Prussia, Russia and Austria. He believed that a balance of power prevented one nation from dominating over another.Learn more about Modern Europe
Prince Henry, the younger brother of Prince William and son of Prince Charles and Princess Diana of the United Kingdom, was born on September 15, 1984 under the full name of Prince Henry Charles Albert David of Wales. The current British royal family is from the House of Windsor, and the surname Mountbatten-Windsor is typically not used, with the territorial suffix of 'of Wales' or simply 'Wales' standing in for the surname. For example, in his capacity as a member of the British Military, Prince Harry is known as Harry Wales, with 'Wales' serving as his official surname.Full Answer >
Prince Henry the Navigator was not married. Born in 1394, Henry the Navigator was the son of Portuguese King John I and Philippa of Lancaster.Full Answer >
According to the Encyclopaedia Britannica, Napoleon Bonaparte spread nationalism in England by changing the balance of power in Europe and the rest of the world. Though the defeat of Napoleon was affected by an alliance of countries, England received primary credit for the victory. This enabled England to become the dominating force in Europe and a large portion of the rest of the world in the coming years.Full Answer >
In 1453, when the Ottoman Turks took control of Constantinople and the surrounding areas, trade between Europe and Asia came to a complete halt, prompting the European nations to seek another route to their Asian trading partners; thus, they began looking for a sea route. The trip had always been fraught with danger, but Europeans no longer had access to products they had come to enjoy.Full Answer >