Q:

What were the three goals of Prince Metternich during the Congress of Vienna?

A:

The three goals of Prince Metternich during the Congress of Vienna were to curtail liberal and nationalistic tendencies, restore the ruling families of Europe to their thrones and maintain a balance of power among European nations. The Congress, which was attended by the ambassadors of France, Austria, Prussia, Russia and England, was headed by Austria's envoy, Prince Clemens Wenzel Nepomuk Lothar von Metternich-Winneburg.

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The Congress convened at Vienna, Austria in the autumn of 1814. Major European powers wanted to establish a plan of lasting peace and redraw the map of Europe by realigning new territorial borders. Although several of the attending nations were former allies in war, each had its own agenda in furthering their best interests.

Prince Metternich saw the Congress of Vienna as an opportunity to stem the tide of nationalism that was sweeping across all of Europe. He used his diplomatic skills to exercise a strong influence on the proceedings. The Austrian Prince was convinced that liberalism and nationalism created disorder and fostered revolutionary thoughts. The Metternich Age, between 1815 and 1848, was a period when revolutionary movements were successfully suppressed. The Congress also aimed to reinstate the ruling families to their thrones. Metternich wanted a monarchy where power was equally shared among the privileged classes of society. He attempted to forge the postwar Quadruple Alliance of England, Prussia, Russia and Austria. He believed that a balance of power prevented one nation from dominating over another.

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