Q:

Who won the Battle of Antietam?

A:

The winner of the Battle of Antietam was deemed inconclusive, although a tactical victory was claimed by the Union army and gave President Abraham Lincoln the backing he needed to deliver the Emancipation Proclamation. The Battle of Antietam was fought on September 17, 1862, in Sharpsburg, Maryland, and was the first battle to be fought in the North. As of 2014, the battle remains the bloodiest single day in American history.

The Battle of Antietam was part of the Maryland campaign during the Civil War. It fought by 87,000 Union soldiers under the leadership of Major General George B. McClellan, and 45,000 Confederate soldiers under General Robert E. Lee. The battle would result in an estimated 22,717 casualties, including 2,108 killed on the Union side and 1,546 killed on the Confederate side.

The armies of McClellan and Lee confronted each other on September 16th. At dawn the next day, the Union army corps of Major General Joseph Hooker began an attack on the Confederate army's left flank but was unable to overpower them. After four hours, they attacked the army's center head on, then turned to attack the army's right flank. Although they were able to successfully piece through the right, Confederate army reinforcements stopped them from going further. Lee withdrew his army across the Potomac River. While the Union army claimed victory, militarily the battle is considered a draw.


Is this answer helpful?

Similar Questions

  • Q:

    Why was the Battle of Antietam important?

    A:

    The Battle of Antietam was important because it stemmed the Confederate Army's advance into the northern territories, and provided an opportunity for Lincoln to deliver the Emancipation Proclamation. Though the battle was just the first to be fought in the northern colonies, Lincoln used the retreat of the southern forces at this battle as a sign the Union had the upper hand.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What was the cause of the Battle of Antietam?

    A:

    The Battle of Antietam during the American Civil War was caused by General Robert E. Lee's desire to follow up his victory at the second Battle of Manassas by heading north into Maryland. His intentions were to sever rail links to Washington and seize supplies. When Union Major General George B. McClellan learned of Lee's plan, he moved to intercept him.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Who won the Battle of Guilford Courthouse?

    A:

    The British achieved a tactical victory at the Battle of Guilford Courthouse during the American Revolutionary War. However, the British army suffered heavy casualties, which resulted in their eventual surrender at the battle of Yorktown.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Who won the Battle of Bull Run?

    A:

    During the U.S. Civil War, two battles were fought at Bull Run, and both were Confederate victories. The First and Second Battles of Bull Run were fought in Manassas, Va., and are also known as the First and Second Battle of Manassas.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore