The Turks won the Battle of Gallipoli against an Allied naval offensive that aimed to seize Constantinople, which is present-day Istanbul. The Battle of Gallipoli is also known as the Gallipoli Campaign, Dardanelles Campaign or the Battle of Canakkale.
In 1915, Russia appealed to the Allied powers for aid in resisting a Turkish invasion of the Caucasus. Britain and France responded and launched an attack on the Gallipoli peninsula. Working against bad weather, the Allied nations sustained heavy damage to their fleet. The lack of immediate reinforcements allowed the Turks to fortify their defenses, which led to the eventual defeat of the campaign.Learn More
The Victorian era lasted 20 years and began on June, 20 1837. The era ended an Jan. 22, 1901. The Victorian era occurred in British history and took place during the reign of Queen Victoria.Full Answer >
The existence of powerful commerce-based city-states in Italy during the late 1300s gave birth to a wealthy and well-educated aristocratic class ready to focus attention and lend financial backing to artists and thinkers involved in reviving Classical art and philosophy. These artists, thinkers and wealthy Italian patrons felt less pressured to interpret and filter the contributions of the Classical world though the restrictive lens of medieval Christianity. This resulted in the rebirth of Classical art and thought known as the Renaissance; a comparatively more secular than ecclesiastical outlook that represents a perspective now referred to as Humanism.Full Answer >
In England, an Act of Parliament backed by Oliver Cromwell effectively put a ban on Christmas from 1647 to 1660. This ban was met with uproar, and people continued to celebrate Christmas in secret in spite of the ban.Full Answer >
The Old Deluder Act was a piece of legislation written into the Records of the Governor and Company of the Massachusetts Bay in New England in 1647. As explained by Mass Moments, the Act required any Massachusetts town with more than 50 households to appoint a town teacher. Towns with more than 100 households were required to set up a grammar school for the town's children.Full Answer >