The United States won the Spanish-American War. The U.S. victory ended the Spanish empire in the Western Hemisphere and enlarged the territory of the United States, giving it a territorial imperial foothold in the Caribbean and the Pacific Ocean.
Since 1895, Spanish forces and Cuban independence fighters had been struggling for control of Cuba. Though supportive of the rebels, the United States did not intervene until the mysterious 1898 explosion of the USS Maine in Havana. This incident pulled the United States into the war, which lasted 10 weeks and ended with the signing of the Treaty of Paris. In this treaty, Spain promised to cede Guam and Puerto Rico to the United States and to renounce all claims to Cuba, which would become an independent nation. Spain also transferred power in the Philippines to the United States for a sum of $20 million.Learn More
The Spanish-American War only lasted 100 days, cost the United States almost nothing in terms of casualties and brought the country significant gains in territory, turning the former set of colonies into an empire of her own and prompting Secretary of State John Hay to write to Theodore Roosevelt that the conflict was "a splendid little war, begun with the highest motives... favored by that Fortune which loves the brave."Full Answer >
The Spanish-American War lasted three months, two weeks and four days in 1898. The conflict centered on Cuba. Journalism scare tactics helped to fuel the war.Full Answer >
After rebellion broke out in Cuba in 1895, the Spanish-American war began when reports of Spain's vicious military tactics led to public outcry in the United States. The destruction of an American battleship, the USS Maine, and the U.S. government's resolution to stop Spanish occupation by force sparked further conflict.Full Answer >
Pressure from American merchants, fueled by yellow journalism, impelled the American government to seek a swift end to the Cuban War of Independence, eventually leading the country to war. America's victory brought the country numerous territorial acquisitions and dealt a huge blow to the psyche of the fading Spanish Empire.Full Answer >