The Vietnam War began in 1954 and ended in 1975. The war started soon after the Geneva Conference, which divided Vietnam into two nations at the 17th parallel.
The Vietnam War centered on the desire of North Vietnam to create a unified communist government in the country. South Vietnam's leader, President Ngo Dinh Diem, canceled elections concerning reunification and was denounced by the leader of North Vietnam, Ho Chi Minh. The conflict escalated, and South Vietnam signed a treaty with the United States in 1961 for military and economic aid. Diem was executed after a coup in 1963; however, the war continued until U.S. combat units withdrew in 1973, and South Vietnam fell to an invasion by the North in 1975.Learn More
The Vietnam War ended on April 30, 1975. On this date, the North Vietnamese army swept into Saigon, the capital of South Vietnam, and the latter country surrendered unconditionally.Full Answer >
France declared war on Austria, Holland and England shortly after the French Revolution; other European powers wanted to put down the French Revolution and restore the monarchy to power. These countries saw the revolution as a grave threat to their own monarchies.Full Answer >
The Scramble for Africa was the invasion and annexation of African territory by European colonial powers between 1880 and the beginning of World War I in 1914. Prior to this period, European colonization efforts in Africa were mostly confined to coastal areas and trade routes.Full Answer >
Napoleon Bonaparte's biggest reform and influence was the Napoleonic Code. This code forbade privileges based on birth, gave the people freedom of religion and stated that government jobs should be awarded to the most qualified person. The code was not well liked among countries surrounding France at its time of implementation.Full Answer >