An Idiophone instrument creates sound via vibrations through the body of the instrument itself, with the most well known examples of such instruments being the cymbals on a drum kit, the xylophone or a bell. Idiophones most commonly fall into the percussion family, although many are capable of producing notes as well.
Idiophone Instruments and Use in Music
Indiophones feature in almost all kinds of music, from rock, jazz, and pop, to classical and folk. There are eight basic types of idiophone:
One example of a plucked idiophone, also known as a lamellaphone, would be the Jew's Harp and Kalimba. The material that an idiophone is made of can also have a major impact on sounds and tones. In general, an idiophone will be made from wood or metal, although stone is also often used in the construction of some instruments as well.
A xylophone for example, uses wood for the percussive blocks, whereas the vibraphone uses metal. Although both instruments are almost identical in terms of melodic capabilities, they both have sharply contrasting sounds. A xylphone produces a much softer tone, when struck. A vibrophone has a much sharper sound thanks to the use of metal. As a result, both instruments are used for different musical purposes.Learn More
The modern standard-sized piano has 88 keys, which equals 88 notes and covers a range of seven octaves plus a minor third. A few pianos are specially made with an extend bass range, such as the Imperial Bosendorfer, which has 97 keys and covers a range of eight full octaves.Full Answer >
Play a diminished chord on the piano by finding the root note, the minor third interval and the diminished fifth interval, and pressing all three keys down together. The minor third interval is three half-steps above the root note, and the diminished fifth is six half-steps above the root.Full Answer >
Saxophones produce sound by using the player's flow of air and creating an oscillating motion with the reed acting as an oscillating valve. The reed and the resonances that are present within the air inside of the instrument produces a vibrating and radiating sound out of the holes as well as the belly of the instrument.Full Answer >
The violin was invented in Italy in the 16th century. The violin is descended from medieval stringed instruments, such as the rebec and the vielle. Another progenitor is the Renaissance instrument called the lira da braccio.Full Answer >