Q:

What is the history of the guitar?

A:

Different forms of the guitar date back over 3,000 years. Though no civilization has been credited with the development of the instrument, historians have found carvings of an instrument resembling the guitar done by the Hittites.

The Hittite Empire was composed of Anatolian people living in north-central Anatolia around 1600 BC. The cave carving of the instrument, while appearing much different than the modern instrument used today, featured a similar shape and the basic features of a guitar with its long neck and wide body.

The instrument continued to develop over time and in the 14th century, several cultures around the world began constructing guitars to meet their needs. For instance, the Moors created a four-course guitar called the Guitarra Moresca, which was oval shaped. As the guitar continued to evolve, it made its way around the world. It was introduced into American culture in the 1500s and throughout time, different versions have been created. The classical guitar became popular among music enthusiasts in the 1900s and in the 1930s, the electric guitar was invented; it changed the way music was played around the world. George Beauchamp and Adolph Rickenbacker are credited with developing the world's first viable electric guitar.


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