The person credited with inventing the first modern violin was Andrea Amati. The first four-string violin was documented to have been created by Amati in 1577 and other documentations show that he created two, three-string violins between 1542 and 1546. It's worth noting, however, that violin-like instruments were depicted in the paintings of Gaudenzio Ferrari that are dated between 1529 and 1530, predating the instruments created by Amati.
In Ferrari's painting, "Madonna of the Orange Tree," a cherub can be seen playing a violin-like, bowed instrument with three strings that resembles a violin. Several years later, Ferrari painted a fresco that depicts what appears to be a cello, a viola and a violin. Ferrari's paintings were done in Northern Italy, a region that is believed to be where the violin originated.Learn More
The modern standard-sized piano has 88 keys, which equals 88 notes and covers a range of seven octaves plus a minor third. A few pianos are specially made with an extend bass range, such as the Imperial Bosendorfer, which has 97 keys and covers a range of eight full octaves.Full Answer >
Play a diminished chord on the piano by finding the root note, the minor third interval and the diminished fifth interval, and pressing all three keys down together. The minor third interval is three half-steps above the root note, and the diminished fifth is six half-steps above the root.Full Answer >
Saxophones produce sound by using the player's flow of air and creating an oscillating motion with the reed acting as an oscillating valve. The reed and the resonances that are present within the air inside of the instrument produces a vibrating and radiating sound out of the holes as well as the belly of the instrument.Full Answer >
The main body of the trumpet is made of brass, although some of the tubing can also have copper or other metals in the coating. The trumpet dates back to the Middle Ages when it was called the "alphorn" and made of wood.Full Answer >