Non-woven fabrics are engineered fabrics that have a variety of properties. They are generally absorbent, liquid repellent, resilient, stretchable, soft, strong, flame proof, washable, sterile, cushioned, filtered or protective. These properties are usually combined to produce fabrics appropriate for specific types of work.Know More
Non-woven fabrics comprise a sheet of fibers, filaments or chopped yarns that are formed into a web and bonded together through mechanical, thermal or chemical processes. These fabrics are flat, porous sheets that are created from separate fibers or molten plastic. They are generally made by bonding or felting. Synthetic fibers are bonded together with heat or adhesive to make bonded fabrics. Wool fiber or animal hair matted together with heat, pressure or moisture make up a wool felt.
Non-woven fabrics are not weaved or knitted, and conversion of fibers to yarn is not necessary. However, they emulate the texture and appearance of a woven fabric. Non-woven fabrics have versatile features that are attained by using raw materials and treatments, such as printing, laminating, molding and embossing. They are generally created with a good balance between cost and product lifespan. They are used in various consumer and industrial products, including construction, engineering, filtration, health care, home furnishing, apparel and absorbent hygiene products. Depending on the purpose of use, non-woven fabrics are created with high durability, single use durability or limited life.Learn more about Sewing
Some types of wrinkle-free fabrics include Dazzle, permanent press and synthetics. With permanent press fabrics, cotton fabric is treated with various chemicals that prevent wrinkling. Some permanent press items include a mixture of fabrics, such as polyester. Some people prefer not to wear permanent press because it sometimes contains formaldehyde. The permanent press setting on many washing machines maintains moisture content to reduce wrinkling.Full Answer >
According to the BBC, woven fabrics are made by weaving together yarn strands in an over-under pattern. Warp threads are strung vertically on a loom, and then a weft thread is woven horizontally through the warp. When the weft thread reaches the end, it can be looped over and passed back the other way, forming an S-shaped curve as it progresses up the loom.Full Answer >
Microfiber fabrics are textiles made from very fine synthetic fibers of materials like polyester and polamide. Microfibers are classified as measuring one denier or less, which when combined equal a surface area up to 40 times larger than a standard fiber. This provides an expanded canvas for bold patterns and colors.Full Answer >
Synthetic fabrics, such as polyester, rayon, spandex, nylon and acrylic, are composed of man-made fibers. Conversely, natural fabrics are made of natural fibers from plants, animal coats and seeds, and these include cotton, silk, linen and wool.Full Answer >