A watermark is made on a sheet of wet paper as it passes through a large roll during the paper making process. A watermark is a change of thickness in paper that creates a design or mark. The origin of watermarks is unclear, but they have been used as identification marks and decoration.
Dandy rolls are the large rolls that the wet paper is pushed through during the drying process of paper making. The dandy rolls have the watermark design imprinted on them; the mark is pressed into the paper, which makes the paper thicker and thinner in places to form the design. The design is only viewable when held up to a light. The earliest watermark can be traced to Bologna, Italy in 1282, but the exact origin and purpose of the watermark is unclear. Some paper manufacturers have used watermarks as the maker's trademark or identifying design to identify the size of the paper, the quality, the date the paper was made, or the location of the paper mill. While watermarks are still used to make counterfeiting more difficult, they are also used for decoration. There are two types of watermarks: the light and shade watermark, which creates more detail, and the wire watermark, which is marked by lines.Learn More
To make a custom life-size cardboard cutout, take or find a high-pixel photograph of the subject, enlarge it, print it out, cut it out, and then glue it on cardboard or foam board. The life-size cutout is suitable to use for parties, family gatherings or for picture-taking opportunities.Full Answer >
To build a cardboard chair, create a base with a single box, and use scrap cardboard to form the rest of the chair. You need one corrugated cardboard box, scrap cardboard, scissors or a box cutter, a pen, a tape measure, a straight edge and wood glue.Full Answer >
In place of parchment paper, Martha Stewart suggests that one may use wax paper instead. She says it is a less expensive substitute for parchment paper and is available in most supermarkets.Full Answer >
An origami icosahedron is a convex, 20-sided polyhedron made from folded paper. The 20 faces are all equilateral triangles that come together at 12 vertices of five triangles each.Full Answer >