Sheet music is written on a staff as a series of notes and rests dictated by a time and key signature. The time signature tells how many beats there are per measure and the overall rhythm of the music. The staff and key signature show the pitch of the notes.Know More
The time signature is expressed as a ratio. The top number is the number of beats per measure, and the bottom number is the value of one beat; for example, 4/4. This means there are four beats per measure and that a quarter note has a value of one beat.
Before the time signature is the key signature, usually expressed as a series of sharps, denoted by the symbol #, and flats, denoted by the symbol b. Seeing one of these marks on the staff indicates raising or lowering the given note a half-step every time it occurs in the music. The clef mark at the start of the piece determines the scale that the staff corresponds to; most instruments are designed to play in a specific clef. Treble clef is higher than bass clef.
Musical notes vary in length. A whole note, lasting the whole measure, is written as a circle. Half notes add a stem, quarter notes fill in the note, and eighth and subsequent notes add tails to the stem. Notes written higher on the staff have a higher pitch.
Music theory is a method used to examine the mechanics behind what music is and why people like to listen to it. Music theory breaks down different sounds and attaches them to human behavior, as well as attempts to create explanation for rhythm, harmony and melody.Full Answer >
Three terms that mean "slowly" on a music score include "andante," "adagio" and "largo." As with many other musical terms, these words come from the Italian language and are part of the universal lingo that appears on all music scores.Full Answer >
Forte is a dynamic in music that means a particular part of a song is meant to be played strongly and louder. The other basic dynamic is "piano," which refers to playing music softly and quieter.Full Answer >
Music theory books can be purchased from local music and instrumental shops, school and college bookstores, retail bookstores and music instructors who have pre-ordered theory books. Music theory books and lessons can be ordered from online resources, such as One Minute Music Lessons or musictheory.net, or directly from publisher websites.Full Answer >