RP stands for "rating pending" in reference to video games that are as yet unrated. A rating is applied when a game is advertised and before submitting them for review by the Entertainment Software Rating Board.
Ratings are assigned by the ESRB, so people can make informed choices when choosing video games. Game publishers are not allowed to ship games to retailers without a rating assigned by the ESRB. Specially trained raters undertake the rating process as a group, examining specific criteria to grade each game. Factors considered include violence, language, sexuality and drug use. These factors and weighed with the context and message of the game as a whole to define an appropriate rating.Learn More
According to the National Institute on Media and the Family, video games can have a number of negative effects, including increases in violent behavior, desensitization to violence, social isolation and decreases in physical activity. Although not all games lead to these negative effects, many games can affect players in at least one of these ways, and spending excessive time playing video games is never a healthy practice.Full Answer >
Studies have found that video games do have an effect on the heart rate. As reported in Science Daily, a prominent study from 2008 finds that violent video games affect both heart rate and sleep patterns in young boys from ages 12 to 15. A 2013 study finds the same results with exposure to violent video games affecting the heart rates of boys from ages 13 to 15.Full Answer >
Despite video games being associated with violence, numerous studies show that there are several physical and psychological advantages, including improved hand-eye coordination, enhanced creativity, physiotherapy benefits and improved math and language skills. Conversely, there are few negative side effects associated with playing video games in moderation.Full Answer >
There are popular arguments both for and against banning violent video games, but many people think that violent video games do not need to be banned. This debate takes place in the wake of mass school shootings, such as the one at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Conn. There have been several instances of school shootings wherein the perpetrator played popular violent video games such as Call of Duty, a series of first-person shooter games.Full Answer >