Xylophones produce sound when their metal or composite material bars are struck using a mallet. The pitch produced depends on the bar's length: short bars tend to have a higher pitch while long bars have a deeper pitch.Know More
The sound is amplified through resonator tubes underneath the bars. Air is pushed into the tubes resulting in more vibration, but at a similar pitch produced by the bar struck. A cord is placed across the middle of the xylophone to lift the bars from the frame, allowing them to vibrate freely. The bars are usually arranged on a frame like a piano keyboard and are tuned to the same 12-note chromatic scale.
Xylophones are categorized as percussion instruments, which are musical instruments that have to be shaken or struck to produce sounds. Within the larger percussion category of musical instruments, xylophones are further classified as idiophones. This uniquely distinguishes them from membranophones, which are musical instruments that have a membrane, such as a drum.
The xylophone is believed to have originated in Oceania or Southeast Asia. It produces a unique brittle metallic sound. The quality of sound produced by a xylophone typically depends on the skill level of the player. The mallet is also crucial to the sound produced; mallet grip is an important technique for playing the xylophone.Learn more about Musical Instruments
The notes produced on a piano are the result of at least one string being struck with a small hammer. The strings vibrate at different frequencies to produce different notes. The string frequencies are determined by the wire used and its length, width, tension and density. The strings in pianos are made with extremely tough wire that is hard enough to chip the blades of a regular wire cutter.Full Answer >
Flutes are reedless instruments that produce sound from the flow of air across a hole in a cylindrical tube. Reed instruments produce sound by focusing air into a mouthpiece that causes a reed to vibrate.Full Answer >
The clarinet produces sound by blowing air across a reed, into the mouthpiece, down through the body of the instrument and by pressing keys or covering holes on the instrument to change notes. The notes change in this manner because it disrupts the airflow and the wavelength of the air moving through the instrument.Full Answer >
A trumpet makes sound when the musician makes a buzzing sound while blowing air through closed lips and into the mouthpiece. The air causes a standing wave vibration in the air column inside of the trumpet, which travels down the instrument and is then manipulated by the pressing of the keys.Full Answer >