According to tradition, Santa's nine reindeer are named Dasher, Dancer, Donner, Blitzen, Comet, Cupid, Dancer, Vixen and the red-nosed reindeer, Rudolph. They were first brought together in Robert L. Mays' 1939 book "Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer," published by Montgomery Ward as a Christmas advertising promotion.Know More
The original eight non-red-nosed reindeer were first named in Henry Livingston, Jr.'s 1822 poem "A Visit from St. Nicholas." Livingston's original poem, however, named Donner and Blitzen "Dunder" and "Blixem," Dutch words translating to "thunder" and "lightning." In 1844, Clement Clark Moore, who is traditionally credited with writing the original poem, modified the two names to Donder and Blitzen. Mays' "Rudolph" changed Donder's name one last time, to Donner. At the same time, Mays invented Rudolph for his story. Mays' brother-in-law was a rising young songwriter named Johnny Marks. When Montgomery-Ward gave Mays the rights to "Rudolph," Mays in turn gave Marks the right to create a song based on the poem. This song, also named "Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer," was picked up by Gene Autry in 1949, becoming an instant Christmas classic.
The names Donner and Blitzen are often thought to be based on German words. However, Livingston's entire poem was likely an Americanized version of the Dutch legend of Sinterclaas. It's probable that the modern versions were Germanized because German was a more familiar language at the time than Dutch.Learn more about Christmas
The names of Santa's eight reindeer are Dasher, Dancer, Prancer, Vixen, Comet, Cupid, Donner and Blitzen. Donner's original name was Dunder, and Blitzen's original name was Blixem. The name of the ninth reindeer, added to the original eight much later, is Rudolph.Full Answer >
Santa's eight regular reindeer are Dasher, Dancer, Prancer, Vixen, Comet, Cupid, Donner and Blitzen. Rudolph also worked for Santa during a particularly foggy Christmas Eve. Donner and Blitzen were originally called Dunder and Blixem.Full Answer >
According to Clement Clarke Moore's poem "A Visit From St. Nicholas," the order of Santa's reindeer are Dasher, Dancer, Prancer and Vixen. The next four are Comet, Cupid, Donner and Blitzen. These last two were named Dunder and Blixem originally.Full Answer >
To make a candy cane reindeer, glue pipe-cleaner antlers to the curved edge of the candy. Add googly eyes and a pom pom nose to complete the reindeer.Full Answer >