Calculate the number of concrete blocks needed for a project by determining the number of blocks to complete a row and the rows to reach the desired height. Standard blocks are 8 inches by 16 inches, including the mortar joints.Know More
To determine the number of blocks per row, a mason first measures the length of a wall in feet. He rounds any measurements over an even foot to the next number and determines the number of blocks each row requires by multiplying the measurement by 0.75. He calculates the number of rows by multiplying the height of the wall by 1.5. The total number of blocks to complete the project is the product of the blocks in a row times the number of rows. Concrete block suppliers recommend adding 5 to 10 percent to account for breakage and errors.
Manufacturers state the size of the block using width by height by length, so a 6 x 8 x 16 concrete block has a face size of 8 inches high and 16 inches long with a 6-inch width. While the face size remains the same for most concrete blocks, thickness varies but does not affect the number of blocks needed. If using blocks with a nonstandard face size, the mason converts the factors by dividing both height and width by 12.Learn More
Ecology blocks are concrete blocks made from leftover or unused concrete. Instead of dumping out unused concrete that is otherwise wasted, companies cast these blocks in 1-square-yard or half-square-yard sizes. Full-size ecology blocks weigh between 3,000 and 4,000 pounds each, and half-blocks weigh between 1,500 and 2,000 pounds.Full Answer >
To install glass blocks, make a frame for the blocks out of 1-by-6-inch lumber, mix glass-block mortar, spread the mortar on the bottom and sides of blocks, and install a layer of blocks from one corner of the frame to the other. Add more mortar, a metal retaining strip and additional layers of blocks.Full Answer >
Lean concrete is a mix where the amount of cement is lower than the amount of liquid present in the strata. This makes it ideal as a base layer where other kinds of concrete are placed on top. It is good for providing a flat bottom in uneven or dirt terrain.Full Answer >
The depth of footings is determined by the depth of the frost line. The top of the footing must be poured below the frost line to maintain stability.Full Answer >