The types of plants that grow in the desert include various forms of cacti, low-lying plants like yucca and agave, and trees like verdes and palms. While classified differently, these plants share characteristics that help them survive in the rough desert climate.
The desert provides a difficult environment for plants to grow. The temperature range can be extreme, especially in deserts with varying levels of elevation. Additionally, deserts receive little rainfall and, when experiencing heavy rain, are prone to flooding.
Cacti are one of the plants most associated with deserts. Recognizable by their many protective spikes, some species grow flowers and edible fruits. To conserve water, most cacti have a fine root structure in which the roots stay near the surface. Some notable cactus types include the barrel and saguaro.
One of the trees that grows in the desert is the Joshua tree. This tree is located in the Mojave Desert and can reach heights of 40 feet, making it the largest of the yucca plants. Despite species like the Joshua tree, bush-like plants are more common in deserts. These bushes are characterized by small leaves and their low-lying nature, both to conserve water. A common bush in the American Southwest is the creosote bush.Learn More
To grow tomatoes in your garden, begin by sowing tomato seeds in flats about six to eight weeks before the last frost. Keep the plants in a warm window, water them regularly and transplant them outside when the soil temperature is above 55 degrees Fahrenheit. Tie the plants to a stake for support, keeping the soil moist throughout the growing season.Full Answer >
The proper expert recommended care for perennials using rocky soil. Successful yielding options include sea thrift with grass-like foliage and soft blooms ranging from white to pink to lilac, and columbine with fern-like foliage, and distinctive spiky purple and white flowers. Both plants are hardy in a variety of climate zones.Full Answer >
Although most plants grow best in soil that is slightly acidic, a few, including blueberries and azaleas, prefer soil that is slightly alkaline. Some plants are tolerant of alkaline soils, although they grow better in neutral or acidic soils. These include dwarf baby's breath, carnations, foxtail lilies and oregano.Full Answer >
Sundew plants are one of the largest varieties of carnivorous plants in the world, and they can be found anywhere in the world with the exception of Antarctica, according to Learn About Nature. There are nearly 200 species of this plant, which has the scientific name Drosera.Full Answer >