KPM Meissen porcelain refers to tableware, vases and tea sets manufactured by the Meissen Couture company in Germany. "KPM" stands for Königliche Porzellan-Manufaktur, which means "Royal Porcelain Factory" in English. In Europe, Meissen Couture was the first company to manufacture this Chinese-style porcelain in 1710.Know More
At the time of the company's founding, the process for making porcelain was a closely guarded secret. However, in 1718, a rival porcelain maker opened a factory in Vienna. Two years after the second manufacturer began, Meissen invented a way to paint (and later glaze) maker's marks onto porcelain. These marks served as a method for identifying Meissen pieces as authentic in order to prevent forgeries made by other companies.
First appearing in 1723, KPM Meissen's marks consisted of two blue swords crossed with KPM above them. Since 1974, the crossed swords have the word "Meissen" glazed underneath in cursive script. As of July 2014, the crossed swords are still hand-painted onto each Meissen porcelain piece.
Antique original KPM Meissen pieces are worth a lot of money in excellent condition. An individual "Greeting Harlequin" figure modelled by Johann Joachim Kändler dating to around 1740 sold at Christie's auction house for more than $900,000 in 2007.Learn more about Antiques
Identify antique porcelain figures by finding the maker's mark. The mark is usually stamped on the bottom of a porcelain piece. The maker's mark tells the collector what person or company produced the figure, which also gives insight into when, where and how it was made.Full Answer >
Zsolnay porcelain marks indicate the manufacturing date range of each individual ceramic piece. For example, a Zsolnay porcelain mark of 689 would indicate that the piece was produced between 1873 and 1882, while a mark of 5,770 would indicate that the piece was made in 1900.Full Answer >
A trademark indicates the age of a porcelain piece, as well as the manufacturer, both important for determining the value. Websites such as Antique Marks provide free PDF downloads of trademark lists that help collectors date their items. Manufacturers, such as Lladro, also have trademark information online.Full Answer >
Identify German porcelain makers by looking for the identifiable marks used by German companies; these makers' marks are available for viewing in online catalogs or reference books. Some marks, such as those appearing on Rosenthal porcelain dating between 1907 and 1956, contain the word "Germany."Full Answer >