Balsa is the lightest usable wood in existence. It is light enough to be used for various purposes, and it is strong enough to support some weight.Know More
Balsa is light for two reasons; it has large spaces between its cells and a small amount of lignin. The amount of lignin, a material that holds the cells and fibers of plants together, is minimal in balsa, meaning that only about half of the wood is solid. When alive, the empty spaces allow the balsa tree (Ochroma pyramidale) to draw water from the ground.
While balsa is not the lightest wood in existence, it is the most usable type as there is enough lignin to provide the wood structure. All other woods softer than balsa lack a sufficient amount of lignin to support weight, causing them to be unusable.Learn more about Building Materials
Luan, or Lauan wood, is a type of commercial wood product that is processed from trees of the Shorea genus. Often sold commercially as Philippine Mahogany, Lauan wood is not in any way related to the "true" mahogany trees that belong to the Swietenia and Khaya genus.Full Answer >
According to This Old House, the most expensive wood is Macassar ebony. Also known as stripped ebony, this wood has a fine texture and small pores. Macassar ebony is reddish-brown with darker brown highlights.Full Answer >
To sand wood, use a random-orbit finishing sander to sand the surface with different grit levels of sandpaper. Start with the medium grit and work toward the finest. Use a sanding block to sand manually the areas inaccessible with the orbit sander, and take proper safety precautions.Full Answer >
Walnut is a hardwood with hard, dense, tight, straight grain and a smooth finish, while cherry is a hardwood with fine texture, a reddish-brown hue that darkens with age and is generally softer than other hardwoods. Of the two, cherry wood is generally better for woodworking projects.Full Answer >