There are numerous methods of making buildings earthquake resistant. Engineers have spent many years researching earthquakes and their effects and developing new technologies that help residential and commercial buildings remain standing after an earthquake.Know More
Some strategies that have been developed to help buildings withstand earthquakes include using more lightweight materials, particularly on the roof, to reduce the amount of sideways stress the building experiences as it sways. Engineers suggest that walls need to be able to move slightly from side to side without buckling, and should be firmly strapped to the house and the foundation.
Houses with a rigid, steel frame are more likely to resist earthquakes, and those with multiple floors need to have strong columns and beams to support those floors. In larger buildings, such as skyscrapers, engineers recommend cross-bracing the trusses and using shear walls to reinforce the building's frame.
The up-and-down and side-to-side movement that takes place during an earthquake often shakes buildings from their foundations. Most buildings are built to withstand heavy vertical loads, such as snow that builds up on the roof. However, earthquakes put stress on lateral loads, and many buildings are not equipped to deal with that stress, which leads to structural failure.Learn more about Building Materials
Japan has done many things over the years to prevent damage to buildings during earthquakes such as implementing strict building codes and retrofitting older structures. Japan has also developed many devices, such as isolation pads, to absorb the shock from earthquakes and dampen the movement one causes.Full Answer >
To make a fort, construct the walls out of four fence pieces, cut the corners to interlock the walls, and use 2-by-4s as support. This project requires a time commitment of at least three hours.Full Answer >
According to Family Handyman, you make concrete forms for sidewalks by lining the length of the planned sidewalk with 1 1/2-inch boards along the straight areas of the sidewalk, and flexible hardwood siding along curved portions. To prevent the forms from bulging under the weight of the concrete when it's poured, place stakes at regular intervals along the form's length to provide outside support.Full Answer >
To make a homemade cooler, install a solar panel-powered USB cooler in the lid of a Styrofoam cooler. You need a screwdriver, a Styrofoam cooler, solar-powered garden lights, wire cutters, wire strippers, a soldering iron, solder, a diode, a USB cooler, a hot glue gun, a pen and a knife.Full Answer >