Mission style furniture uses flat panels and simple lines, in horizontal or vertical arrangements, to accentuate the grain of the wood. Lumber, sawn form oak log quarters, to maximize the appearance of the annual growth rings, is a favorite of mission designers. According to Collector's Weekly, the upholstery is always natural and unembellished, while the wood is varnished and never painted.
Mission style furniture emerged in response to the Victorian era and poor quality, machine-made furniture. Wikipedia traces the style to a single chair, built by A.J. Forbes in 1894 for the Swedenborgian Church in San Francisco. The name "mission" is in reference to California's Spanish missions. The style became closely associated with the arts and crafts movement.
In 1900, Gustav Stickney popularized the style by introducing his own craftsman-style furniture. Stickney, the publisher of "The Craftsman," claimed the use of the word "mission" to be misleading. After Buffalo's Pan-American Exposition in 1901, the style became increasingly popular.
While the arts and crafts movement rejected mechanization, Stickney made use of steam or electric powered woodworking machines in preparing the wood for his pieces. The parts were then hand-finished by artisans in his shop. As the style grew in popularity, manufacturers moved to mass-production, resulting in furniture of the low-quality the movement originally opposed.Learn More
To paint outdoor wood furniture, you need paint, primer, a good quality paintbrush, putty, sandpaper and a tack cloth. This job will take several hours, including drying time.Full Answer >
To maintain the new appearance of eucalyptus wood furniture, apply linseed oil to the wood several times during the spring and summer, as well as before you use it for the first time. Regular maintenance keeps eucalyptus furniture from developing a silver, hazy finish from exposure to the elements.Full Answer >
You can distress wooden furniture in one of two ways: either sand the areas you want to appear distressed, or use two layers of paint or paint and stain, coating the bottom layer with candle wax in the places where you want the undercoat to show through. At minimum, you will need paint, sandpaper, tack cloth and painting supplies.Full Answer >
Treat unfinished wood furniture to protect it from the elements and help preserve the clarity and beauty of its details. Clean it with a damp cloth to remove dust or grime. Remove hard and stubborn stains by sanding or applying certain wood-cleaning chemicals. Use an electric sander to sand the furniture. Alternate between 120- and 220-grit sandpaper to complete the process.Full Answer >