Modified stems are plant stems that carry out special functions needed for plant survival in certain environments. These stems may have abnormal shapes and grow above or below ground.Know More
Some modified stems grow above ground. Stolons run above ground or just beneath the surface horizontally. They are important for vegetative production. Stolons form nodes as they grow, which produce new plants. People commonly refer to stolons that grow above ground as runners.
Tendrils are slender stems that grow and twine around objects to provide support to the plant. Thorns are modified branches that protect the plant. Axillary bulb-shaped buds, or bulbils, store food and eventually fall off of the plant and produce new plants. Photosynthesis relies on cladodes, or green branches, that do not grow very long.
Modified stems that grow beneath the soil include tubers, bulbs, rhizomes and corms. Tubers, found on potatoes, may store starch. Appearing on the end of stolons, tubers are commonly referred to as eyes on potatoes.
Plants use bulbs, which resemble round, fleshy stem modifications, for storage. Rhizomes grow horizontally underground, but may produce vertical shoots. Corms are modified stems that resemble rhizomes, but are thicker and more rounded. Corms serve as food storage for plants and ensure their survival through harsh winter conditions.Learn more about Outdoor Plants & Flowers
To grow grapes, choose an appropriate location, plant the grapes, apply fertilizer yearly, prune the stems and leaves, and pick the grapes when ripe. You need grapes, nitrogen fertilizer and a trellis or fence to complete this project.Full Answer >
To deadhead roses, cut the stems above the buds that have five or seven leaflets using scissors or pruning shears. Although there are several ways to deadhead roses, this method is simple and takes less than half an hour to prune a small rosebush.Full Answer >
Roses feature multiple stamens, leaves that grow in alternate patterns on the stem, symmetric, unconnected petals that number four or five, prickles on the stems and bisexual reproductive parts. Roses come in numerous colors, including red, pink, blue, purple, white and black.Full Answer >
To get lilies to open quickly, cut the stems diagonally, fill the vase with warm, deep water and remove the stamens and pollen and place them in the water. Keep the lilies in a warm environment to increase the blooming speed.Full Answer >