According to the UC Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources, prevention is the best method of eradicating mosquito larvae and can be supplemented with chemical and biological means when necessary. Elimination of breeding sites is key when ridding mosquito larvae. Bodies of water more than 24 inches deep are difficult for mosquito larvae to live in, so vigilance is necessary when dealing with water-containing structures containing less than this amount.
Bodies of water with steep slopes also discourage mosquito larvae. While they can live in great numbers, they are also concentrated in small spaces. The removal of excess debris and vegetation ensures that the mosquito larvae have limited food, less shelter and more availability to natural predators. Biological means of control include fish, dragonflies and backswimmers.
The use of pesticides is not encouraged, as it can negatively affect other species which prey on the mosquitoes and their larvae. Larvicides featuring the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis, however, are an acceptable avenue when dealing with especially difficult circumstances.
Mosquito larvae swim by using propulsion through their mouth brushes or through wiggling their bodies. The presence of small, wiggling organisms within a water sample can indicate their presence. Mosquito larvae do not bite and have limited mobility. Before becoming adults, mosquito larvae pass through a pupa stage.Learn More
The best mosquito repellents for kids include Avon's Skin-So-Soft Bug Guard Plus Picaridin Towelettes and Cutter Advanced Insect Repellent, according to About.com. Additional mosquito repellents for children include Off! Active Sweat Resistant Insect Repellent.Full Answer >
Organic mosquito control sprays generally contain essential oils, which are distasteful to mosquitoes, and carrier oil or alcohol as ingredients. Some of the essential oils that repel mosquitoes include cinnamon oil, lemon eucalyptus oil, citronella oil and castor oil. Carrier oils that may be used are olive oil, sunflower oil and other vegetable oils. One part essential oil is typically mixed with 10 to 20 parts carrier oil or alcohol.Full Answer >
Covering the bottle with dark cloth increases the effectiveness of the trap. Mosquitoes are attracted to the mixture of brown sugar and yeast and to the carbon dioxide created when the sugar ferments. Check the trap after two weeks, clean out the dead mosquitoes and replace the fermented sugar mixture. You will need a 2-liter bottle, scissors, yeast, sugar and warm water.Full Answer >
Lemon eucalyptus oil is a natural treatment that keeps dogs from getting mosquito bites. The New England Journal of Medicine stated in 2002 that the oil provided 120.1 minutes of protection against mosquitoes.Full Answer >