Roof leaks cause major damage to homes. In order to make the appropriate repairs, you must first determine where the leak is occurring.Know More
Use a flashlight to look at the underside of the roof decking. The top center of water spots show the general area where the water is breaking through the roofing materials. Measure the distance from the nearest gable wall and the distance from the intersection of the roof with the wall.
Set a ladder against the house. Firmly plant the feet of the ladder on the ground, and extend the top at least 3 feet above the roofline. On your way to the top of the roof, stop and measure the distance from the wall to the edge of the roof. Add this measurement to those from inside the attic.
Use the corrected measurements to find the approximate location of the roof leak. Look for curled, damaged or missing shingles in the area. Other potential leaks exist around plumbing vents and chimneys. Valleys, where two different rooflines meet, are other places leaks tend to form.
If you are unable to find any potential sources of the leak, call for professional help. Leaks caused by inadequate flashing are harder to find. In some cases, the roofer may recommend replacing the entire roof instead of making a repair.
To measure a roof, find both the area of the house and the pitch of the roof. Calculate the number of roofing tiles necessary to complete the job by multiplying the area of the house by the numbers that correspond with the pitch of the roof.Full Answer >
To replace a porch column, raise the roof with a jack; remove any trim, screws, nails and brackets from the column; tap the bottom of the column with a hammer; remove the old column from the porch; measure it; cut the new column to match; and install it. The project should take less than two hours.Full Answer >
To cut the rafters for a hip roof, or a roof with inclined ends, measure out the angles, cut, drop the hip, and cut the tail. Cutting a hip roof takes roughly half a day and requires a band saw, boards for the rafters, a speed square, a tape measure and a pencil.Full Answer >
To build trusses, determine the pitch, or the slope, of the roof, and use a rafter square to measure the angles needed to construct the trusses with the correct slope. Make the mitered cut on each rafter, and secure them to the ceiling joist.Full Answer >