The rose is 35 million years old according to fossil evidence, though garden growth of the famed flower likely began in China some 5,000 years ago, according to the University of Illinois. This perennial flower has over 150 various species in the Northern Hemisphere, spanning Alaska to Mexico and Africa to the Far East.Know More
First made popular by the Romans, who constructed large public rose gardens, the fragrant flower served as celebratory confetti, medicine and an ingredient in perfume. Though the rose was extremely popular at the time, following the fall of the Roman Empire the flower has both waned and waxed in popularity.
Roses are low maintenance, grow well in several soil types and don't require pruning. The plant that produces the flower can also survive in winter without protection. Their disease and insect resilience have also helped make roses one of the most desired flowers.
Roses exude seven different fragrances: rose, clove, violet, apple, lemon, nasturtium and tea scents. However, it is antique roses that emit the typical "rosy" scent most associated with the flower.
Known as the queen of flowers, roses have played a major role as a cultural contributor to works of poetry, art, literature and music throughout history.Learn More
Most roses begin to bloom in early spring, soon after the last winter frost. While some varieties only bloom once each year, many gardeners use techniques like pruning to encourage additional bloom growth several times over the year.Full Answer >
Most roses should be cut back or pruned in the spring. The perfect time to prune is when the buds on the stems start to swell and turn reddish in color. In most climates, this event normally coincides with the time when the forsythia bushes start to bloom.Full Answer >
Roses grow best when they are planted in prepared, fertilized soil in a location where they are in full sunlight for 5 or 6 hours during the day. Roses prefer not to compete for nutrients, so they do well when placed away from trees or other plants with shallow root systems. Lying dormant all winter, roses bloom in spring and summer.Full Answer >
Roses should be fertilized with a granular fertilizer every four to six weeks during the growing season, suggests Heirloom Roses, a supplier. The first application of fertilizer should go on when the plant ceases to be dormant, shows new growth and produces at least five leaves.Full Answer >