Concrete is thinner, stronger and more durable than mortar; whereas mortar is used as a bonding agent between building materials, concrete is used for structural projects, such as beams or walls. The differing compositions of these materials makes them ideal for different purposes. Concrete and mortar are not used interchangeably without compromising the structural integrity of a building.Know More
Both concrete and mortar are mixtures of water, cement and sand. However, concrete has the additional element of gravel and other coarse aggregates. This gives concrete a greater level of durability than mortar. Concrete needs a low water-to-cement ratio and is thinner than mortar when mixed. Builders often reinforce concrete with steel and use it for the structural aspect of building. Concrete can also be used decoratively for fireplaces, porches, pool decks and countertops.
Mortar lacks the gravel component of concrete; its composition is a mixture of water, sand and cement. When hydrated, mortar becomes thick, making it a great adhesive for building materials. It has a higher water-to-cement ration than concrete. Mortar commonly holds together things such as bricks and tiles. Because mortar is not as durable as concrete, and because it must be replaced every 25 to 50 years, it is not practical for structural projects.Learn more about Building Materials
Concrete splash blocks, also referred to as downspout splash guards, are used to control the flow of rainwater moving down a spout from a gutter off a roof. These formed blocks typically feature a grooved channel down the center that runs at a decline to one end of the block.Full Answer >
Concrete blocks, also known as concrete masonry units, cinder blocks and breeze blocks, come in a number of sizes, depending on the country of origin. Standard U.S. blocks, used throughout most of the world, are 16 inches long by 8 inches wide by 8 inches tall.Full Answer >
Concrete slabs should be 4 inches thick for normal residential construction. A slab should be 5 to 6 inches thick if heavy vehicles, such as motor homes or garbage trucks, will be parked on the concrete slab.Full Answer >
Different jobs require unique types of mortar, each of which may have a distinct drying time. For example, thin-set mortar used for tiles and counter tops requires 24 to 48 hours to dry while brick mortar made from Portland cement can require up to 28 days to dry.Full Answer >