Sponges used for cleaning are made of either artificial or natural fibers. Artificially produced sponges are made of cellulose fiber or melamine fiber, while natural sponges are made from underwater animals also called sponges or from gourds known as loofahs. Most sponges in use as of 2014 are artificial.Know More
The common kitchen sponge is typically made of cellulose fiber, which is soaked in chemicals and then blended with sodium sulphate crystals and hemp fiber. When heated, the sodium sulphate crystals dissolve, leaving the holes and gaps commonly seen in sponges. Sponges are manufactured with large holes for industrial cleaning and with very fine holes for cleaning artwork and applying makeup. After the basic sponge is made, it is softened, dyed and cut into shapes.
The "magic" erasers sold as school supplies are actually melamine foam sponges. While the melamine feels soft to the touch, at the microscopic level, it is almost as hard as glass. The tiny holes left in the melamine sponge material allow it to feel soft. When used as an eraser, the hard melamine scrapes up a stain, and the porous nature of the sponge pulls the molecules of the stain into the sponge itself.
While natural sponges made from the sea sponge are rarely sold, loofahs made from dried gourds are common. Loofah gourds grow in hot climates. After they are harvested, their skin is pulled off in one piece, revealing the spongelike material inside. The loofah "skeleton" is washed, bleached and dried in the sun before being used as a bath sponge.Learn More
Plain water on a lightly dampened cloth sufficiently cleans any type of hardwood pine flooring with any finish. To protect your floor from scratches, sweep or dry mop any dirt or debris prior to cleaning. Continue to protect the integrity of the floor with doorway, area and throw rugs.Full Answer >
Goo Gone can be purchased for most major retailers and home improvement stores in most cities. The product can also be purchased from online retailers.Full Answer >
Pouring vinegar into a toilet bowl or spraying the vinegar onto stains in the toilet can help remove stains. Adding baking soda to the vinegar is also effective for removing stains from toilet bowls.Full Answer >
Soap lather is the result of tiny atom chains that are created by the hydrophobic tails of soap when they react with air. This part of atoms turn their properties away from water and begin to react when they interact with another substance.Full Answer >