Avogadro's number, also called Avogadro's law, creates a constant value for different gases, regardless of weight and structure, which makes it a foundational law in chemistry. Italian scientist Amedeo Avogadro created his theory after observing that gases have equal volumes at given temperatures and pressures, and therefore contain the same number of molecules. Avogadro's number, written mathematically as 6.022 x 10^{23}, demonstrates the number of molecules present in any gas within the fixed volume of 22.41L.
Know MoreAvogadro proposed his theory in 1811, although his law did not gain widespread attention until the late 1850s, when Stanislao Cannizzaro, another Italian chemist, used Avogadro's law as a foundational base to demonstrate a complete and rational system of chemistry.
In addition to existing as a mathematical equation, Avogadro's law contains a written statement with a theory and rationale. The statement asserts that different gases, regardless of weight, have an equal number of molecules in a given fixed volume. Avogadro explains this phenomenon through the theory of kinetic gases, which bases its principles on the assumption of an ideal gas.
Avogadro's law holds true throughout the field of chemistry, provided equations use real gases with relatively low pressures and high temperatures. Avogadro's law also explains the volume occupied by gases, which is the same for all real gases based on a fixed temperature and pressure.
Learn more about NumbersThe concept of zero first appeared in A.D. 976. The Persian encyclopedist Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Khwarizmi observed that if no number appeared in the tens place, then an empty circle represented a placeholder. However, the mathematician Fibonacci is generally recognized as the inventor of the number zero.
Full Answer >The number pi, which has a constant value that approximately equals 3.14, is an irrational number. It is a type or real number that cannot be expressed as a common fraction. It has an infinite or endless decimal representation, without any repeating pattern.
Full Answer >The number 33 is not a prime number. Prime numbers only have factors of themselves and 1. The positive factors of 33 are 1, 3, 11 and 33.
Full Answer >31 is a prime number. This is due to the fact that it is only divisible by itself and the number one, which is the criteria for any prime number.
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