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Q:

# Where did algebra come from?

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Algebra has been developed over thousands of years in several different countries. The earliest methods for solving mathematical problems with one or more unknown quantities come from ancient Egypt. The word "algebra" itself is derived from the title of Baghdad mathematician Al-Kwarizmi's 9th century book, "Hidab al-jabr wal-muqubala."

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The ancient Babylonians and Greeks also had methods for solving equations with unknown quantities. The 2nd century Greek Diophantus continued the Greek tradition with his work "Arithmetica;" however, he had no generalized method for solving equations. After the fall of Rome, progress in the development of algebra continued in India, Egypt and Iraq (then known as Persia).

Hindu mathematicians were the first to discover that quadratic equations have two roots. Islamic math was influential in the development of Western European mathematical techniques. Knowledge of algebra trickled into Europe starting in the 12th century with a translation of Al-Kwarimi's work, and received fuller development starting in the 1500s. Abstract or modern algebra is a 19th-century British development of the field.

## Related Questions

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To learn algebra, you need to understand the basic principles of how to balance equations and then apply them to progressively harder problems. You should start by finding out what equations, variables and constants are before learning the rules for balancing equations.

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No single person discovered algebra, since various people in different parts of the world discovered it at different times. Some aspects of algebra were even discovered multiple times by different people who were unaware of each other. Virtually every major civilization worked out some portion of the algebraic puzzle, although certain people like Diophantus, Muhammad Ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi and Gottfried Leibniz made more significant contributions.

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Introductory algebra is a fundamental mathematics course. It is essential to master this course before moving on to more advanced material. Key concepts in introductory algebra involve the study of variables, expressions and equations.