Pythagoras often receives credit for the discovery of a method for calculating the measurements of triangles, which is known as the Pythagorean theorem. However, there is some debate as to his actual contribution the theorem.
Know MorePythagoras was an Ionian Greek philosopher, mathematician and religious scholar. His greatest contribution to mathematics is the Pythagorean theorem. The theorem states that in a right triangle, the area of the square of the hypotenuse, which is the side across from the right angle, is equal to the sum of the square of the areas of the other two sides. Despite the theorem bearing his name, Pythagoras was not the first person to use this calculation. This computation was in use in Mesopotamia and India long before Pythagoras lived. There is some speculation that Pythagoras and his students are responsible for the first proof of the theorem. However, given that it was the nature of Pythagoras' students to attribute everything to their teacher, it is unclear if Pythagoras himself ever worked on the proof.
Besides mathematics, Pythagoras made contributions to religion and music. Pythagoras and his followers believed that souls did not die but went through a cycle of rebirth that ended when purity of life was obtained. Pythagoras' beliefs placed great emphasis on a lifelong search for salvation. Pythagoras might also be responsible for an understanding of string length in relation to tone in musical instruments.
Learn more about TrigonometryErnest Rutherford made several discoveries, the most notable ones were the discovery of the nucleus in atoms, radiation half-life and the differentiation between alpha and beta radiation. Out of all of his discoveries, the discovery of the nucleus is possible his most well known one. The majority of Rutherford's work was accomplished after he was already a Nobel Prize laureate.
Full Answer >Schleiden and Schwann are credited with proposing the idea that all plant life (Schleiden) and animal life (Schwann) are composed of cells, or are the product of cells, leading to the discovery of governing laws which are shared by cells from both forms of life. Although credited with this discovery, both scientists built upon foundations laid by previous research into the their respective fields.
Full Answer >Carl Sagan made a number of significant discoveries about Venus and Mars, but the discovery that launched him to fame was his proof that Venus's atmosphere drew its heat from the greenhouse effect. This refers to the atmosphere-trapping hat that boosts the surface temperature of the planet.
Full Answer >The Danish physicist Niels Bohr developed a model of the atom that combined Ernest Rutherford's discovery of the nucleus with the quantum ideas proposed by Max Planck. This solved the problem of why the electrons did not immediately collapse into the nucleus. Bohr received the Nobel Prize in Physics for his discovery in 1922.
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