Statistics as a numerical fact is a piece of numerical information, also known as data, used to describe an event, occurrence or phenomena. Statistics as a discipline uses statistics or numerical pieces of information to solve problems in the everyday world and in academics. Those who work with statistics as a discipline are called statisticians.
Know MoreThe discipline of statistics covers several areas of science and industries, including the environment, health and epidemiology, computer science and astronomy. Statisticians may also work in education, engineering and in other non-science sectors such as business. Work is done primarily in an office setting, but they may also travel to sites to collect data to analyze later.
Statisticians may work for government or in the private sector. Statistician positions generally require a graduate degree in mathematics or statistics, but some jobs may only require a bachelor's degree. Statisticians present their data through several graphs and plots such as pie or chart graphs, bar graphs and stem and leaf plots.
Statistics may be descriptive or inferential. Descriptive statistics describe features of the population or sample being studied and includes measurements such as mean, median and mode. Inferential statistics involve inferring something about the population studied. This process is done through hypothesis testing.
Learn more about StatisticsAccording to San Jose State University, statistics helps researchers make inferences about data. Instead of just using raw data to explain observations, researchers use various statistical analyses to derive predictions and trends from large data sets. Scientists and professionals use statistics in a variety of disciplines and fields, including biological sciences, political science and engineering.
Full Answer >Variance measures how the data in a given variable distribution are spread relative to the mean. Operationally, it is the average squared distance from the mean and is calculated by the square root of the standard deviation. Conceptually, it indicates how much variation is within a given sample.
Full Answer >In mathematics, the purpose of descriptive statistics is to describe the properties of data samples and measurements in a simpler way. It forms part of quantitative data analysis in statistics.
Full Answer >To find the IQR, find the median or center of the data, calculate the median of the lower and upper halves of the data, and find the difference between the medians of the lower and upper halves of data. You need a data set, a calculator, and pencil and paper to complete this task.
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