**The fundamental operations in mathematics are addition, subtraction, multiplication and division.** There are corresponding symbols for each. The plus sign (+) is for addition. The minus sign (-) is for subtraction. The symbols “x”, “*” and “•” signify multiplication. The obelus (÷) and forward slash (/) are used for division.

Addition combines two or more numbers to get their sum or total, while subtraction finds the difference between two quantities. Multiplication is repeated addition; one of the numbers in a multiplication equation indicates how many times the other number needs to be added to itself. Division is the inverse of multiplication.