A latent function is an unintended or unrecognized consequence of an institution or social phenomenon. Unexpected negative consequences are typically called latent dysfunctions. School, for example, has the explicit, or manifest, function of educating individuals, but a latent function of teaching students about navigating social structures and relationships and keeping children off the streets for six to 10 hours a day.Know More
The Prohibition, the banning of all alcohol manufacturing, sales and transportation by constitutional amendment, had several latent functions, such as an increase in the number of pharmacists, legally allowed to obtain medicinal alcohol, an increase in church attendance and clergy (churches were allowed to obtain wine for religious services), and an increase in the number of home distilleries. The grape industry sold bags of grapes with warning labels that warned consumers not to leave them out too long or they would ferment. Home stills could be found at hardware stores, and pamphlets giving instructions on how to make wine could be found at a public library.
Perhaps the worst latent function of the Prohibition was the criminal empire it created. Police made large sums of money in bribes, and criminal activity went relatively unchecked. The plea bargain was introduced, as the court system could not keep up with the influx of violators, and jails overflowed.Learn More
The integral of cosine squared is equal to x/2 + (1/4)sin(2x) + C, where C is a constant. The integral can be solved by using the half-angle identity of the cosine squared function, where cos2(x) = 1/2 + (1/2)cos(2x).Full Answer >
Precalculus is a course that prepares students for calculus classes. Advanced ability with functions, analytic geometry, function representations, algebraic expressions and a familiarity with trigonometry are all part of the scope and sequence for precalculus, according to The College Board.Full Answer >
The derivative of the function secant squared of x is d/dx(sec^2(x)) = 2sec^2(x)tan(x). This derivative is obtained by applying the chain rule of differentiation and simplifying the result.Full Answer >
A planar projection is simply a map projection that hypothetically projects the Earth onto a tangent or secant plane; while any point on the planet can be used, a planar projection will generally take one of the poles as the point from which its projection is done.Full Answer >