A linear relationship in mathematics is one in which the graphing of a data set results in a straight line. The formula y = mx+b is used to represent a linear relationship. In this formula m is the slope of the line, and b is the X-intercept. The graph of distance traveled versus time, at a constant speed, is a linear relationship.
A linear relationship with a slope of 1 and that begins at the origin of the graph is a direct proportion. This indicates that a change of one unit on the X axis of the graph results in a change of one unit on the Y axis. However, as shown by the formula for a linear relationship, the slope is not limited to 1. In addition, all graphs do not begin at the origin. In linear relationships with a negative slope, the y value decreases as the x value increases.
Science uses graphs to represent data sets. While there is a possibility for individual data points, collected from an experiment, to vary somewhat from the line, statistical analysis is useful in determining the best fit of a line. Once the scientist determines the line, he uses it to interpolate data for points not collected in an actual experiment.
Learn MoreIn mathematics, linear refers to an equation or function that is the equation of a straight line and takes the form y = mx + b, where "m" is equal to the slope, and "b" is equal to the y-intercept. Three features define a function as linear, but if a function satisfies one of the three requirements, then it satisfies them all and can be classified as linear.
Full Answer >Two rays are opposite rays in geometry if they have a common initial point and form a straight line. Essentially, these rays point in opposite directions. The common initial point is also called the end point of a ray.
Full Answer >Several types of graphs are used for displaying information in mathematics including the bar graph; pie chart or circle graph; histogram; stem and leaf plot; dot plot; scatter plot; and time-series graphs. The type of graph chosen depends on whether the data is quantitative, qualitative or paired.
Full Answer >A scatter plot is a mathematical diagram showing the relationship between two sets of data. Individual points are positioned according to the variables assigned to the vertical and horizontal axis.
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