A linear relationship in mathematics is one in which the graphing of a data set results in a straight line. The formula y = mx+b is used to represent a linear relationship. In this formula m is the slope of the line, and b is the X-intercept. The graph of distance traveled versus time, at a constant speed, is a linear relationship.
Know MoreA linear relationship with a slope of 1 and that begins at the origin of the graph is a direct proportion. This indicates that a change of one unit on the X axis of the graph results in a change of one unit on the Y axis. However, as shown by the formula for a linear relationship, the slope is not limited to 1. In addition, all graphs do not begin at the origin. In linear relationships with a negative slope, the y value decreases as the x value increases.
Science uses graphs to represent data sets. While there is a possibility for individual data points, collected from an experiment, to vary somewhat from the line, statistical analysis is useful in determining the best fit of a line. Once the scientist determines the line, he uses it to interpolate data for points not collected in an actual experiment.
Learn more about Data GraphsA nonlinear graph is a graph that depicts any function that is not a straight line; this type of function is known as a nonlinear function. Linear functions, or those that are a straight line, display relationships that are directly proportional between an input and an output while nonlinear functions display a relationship that is not proportional.
Full Answer >Several types of graphs are used for displaying information in mathematics including the bar graph; pie chart or circle graph; histogram; stem and leaf plot; dot plot; scatter plot; and time-series graphs. The type of graph chosen depends on whether the data is quantitative, qualitative or paired.
Full Answer >In a linear relationship, two variables or quantities are proportionate to one another. As one variable changes, there is a constant rate of change in another variable. In a graphic representation, a linear relationship is a straight line that passes through data points based on the slope and rate of change.
Full Answer >Linear equations were invented in 1843 by Irish mathematician Sir William Rowan Hamilton. He was born in 1805 and died in 1865. Through his algebraic theory, Sir Hamilton made important contributions to mathematics, and his work found applications in quantum mechanics.
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