A number that is not prime is called a composite number. Composite numbers can be divided up into smaller whole numbers called factors. A prime number has no factors other than one and itself.
Most integers, or counting numbers, are composite numbers. Primes are comparatively rare. All even numbers are divisible by two, so they are composite numbers. As a number grows in magnitude, the chance that it is divisible by some lesser number increases, so primes become fewer and fewer as magnitude increases. By convention, one is not considered prime. The number two is considered prime because even though it is an even number, it is only divisible by one and itself.
Learn MoreIn mathematics, a factor of a base number is any number that can be evenly divided into the base number. Due to this definition, a factor can only be less or equal to the original base number. Although all whole numbers can be divided evenly by one, it is still considered a factor.
Full Answer >Some math trivia examples include these facts: The middle digit of a three-digit answer to the multiplication of any number by 11 is the sum of the other two digits, or 21 x 11 = 231, while 2 + 1 = 3. The sum of the digits of the result of multiplying a number by 9 is always 9; 2 x 9 = 18, while 1 + 8 = 9.
Full Answer >A mathematical phrase is a set of words or a combination of words and numbers that can be written as a mathematical expression. An expression is a mathematical phrase that combines numbers and/or variables using mathematical operations. Expressions represent a value. Examples include variables and/or numerals appearing alone or in combination with operators.
Full Answer >A direct formula is a formula that represents the proportionate change of two variables in the same direction such that when one variable increases/decreases the other variable also increases/decreases. The direct variation formula is a direct formula that maps two variables using a constant of variation.
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