The prime factors of 60 are 2, 3 and 5. The prime factors for any number can be found by performing a process called prime factorization.
Prime numbers are numbers that can only be divided by 1 and themselves. The goal of prime factorization is to determine the factors of a number in only prime numbers. Numbers can be repeated as factors if they are prime numbers.
For the number 60, the process starts by dividing it by the lowest prime factor, which is 2. This process continues until the result is a prime number. The number 60 divided by 2 is 30, which divided by 2 is 15, which can finally be divided by 3 to obtain the prime number 5.