The prime factors of the number 24 are 2 x 2 x 2 x 3 , or 2 to the 3rd power x 3. Two and three are prime numbers, and when three twos and a three are multiplied together, the product is the given number, which is 24.
The process of finding which prime numbers, when multiplied together, result in a certain number is called prime factorization. The method is done by breaking the original number into two of its factors and continuously splitting these factors until all them are prime numbers. Making a factor tree is a good visual approach to performing prime factorization.