The relationship between mathematics and science has been studied since ancient times and is characterized by strong interdependence. Mathematics is an essential tool for sciences such as physics and was called "the queen of sciences" by Carl Friedrich Gauss.
Know MoreOne of the first analyses of the relationship between mathematics and other sciences belongs to the ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle, who wrote about the interdependence of mathematics and other exact sciences in his work "Physics." Scholars such as Galileo Galilei and Isaac Newton also acknowledged this relationship. Nowadays, mathematics is at the basis of many physics discoveries, such as the superstring theory.
Learn more about NumbersPrime numbers are important in mathematics because they function as indivisible units and serve as the foundation of several mathematical disciplines. Because a prime number is a natural number greater than 1 that can only be divided by itself and 1, all non-prime numbers, which are called composite numbers, can be factored into a unique set of prime numbers. Computer security programs and cryptology are two fields that have made use of prime numbers to code and decode sensitive information.
Full Answer >The Millennium Prize Problems are a collection of the most difficult problems in mathematics, including the Riemann Hypothesis and the P versus NP Problem. Of the seven problems, only the Poincaré Conjecture has been solved. The mathematical problem that took the longest to solve was Fermat's Last Theorem.
Full Answer >In mathematics, a prime number is any whole number greater than one that has no positive factors other than one and itself. For example, the number 17 is prime, because its only factors are one and 17.
Full Answer >The golden ratio in mathematics is the irrational number (1 + sqrt 5)/2. A decimal approximation of the number is 1.618. The German astronomer Johannes Kepler and his contemporaries were the first to call it the golden ratio.
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