Q:

What are all the shapes and their names?

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Quick Answer

Shapes are defined as geometric objects that possess outlines or external surfaces. Common shape names include circle, oval, triangle, square, rectangle, cylinder, star, pyramid and heart.

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Shapes often have specific names depending on how many sides they have; a hexagon, for example, has six sides, as the Greek prefix for six is "hex." As there is no limit to how many sides a shape may have, there is no realistic way to compile a complete list of shapes. Shapes can be regularly named, however.

Some commonly understood, and uniquely named, two-dimensional shapes are squares, triangles and circles. Shapes with three through twenty sides often have unique names; above that, the names are constructed based on Greek or Latin prefixes. A 78-sided polygon, for example, would be a heptacontakaioctagon. This name is explained thus: "heptaconta" means "70," "kai," means "and" and "octa" means "eight." The name, translated, would be "70 and 8 sided shape."

These are all polygons, the blanket term for such shapes. Generally polygons can be regular or irregular; regular polygons have the same length of sides and are symmetrical, while irregular polygons are neither. The absolute limit on a polygon's sides is with an apeirogon. This geometric shape is a theoretical, degenerate geometric figure with an infinite number of sides.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is the way to calculate the area of an irregular shape?

    A:

    To calculate the area of an irregular shape, the shape needs to be divided into regular shapes that can have their area easily calculated; the area of the regular shapes can be added up to equal the total area of the irregular shape. One way to calculate the area of a regular shape, namely a rectangle, is to multiply the length of the rectangle by its width. Different methods are used to calculate the areas of other regular shapes, such as circles, triangles and squares.

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  • Q:

    What shapes have no lines of symmetry?

    A:

    Some shapes that have no lines of symmetry include the scalene triangle and trapezium. A trapezium is a four-sided flat shape with straight sides, none of which are parallel. Outside of the United States, the trapezium is called the general irregular quadrilateral.

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  • Q:

    Why is the triangle the strongest shape?

    A:

    The triangle is the strongest shape due to the rigidity of its sides, which allows them to transfer force more evenly through their sides than other shapes. Triangles are used extensively in the construction of buildings and bridges.

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  • Q:

    What is a compound shape in math?

    A:

    In math, a compound shape consists of two or more simple shapes, such as triangles, squares, circles and rectangles. Another name for a compound shape is a composite shape. An example of this concept is a triangle placed on top of a square.

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