There are three basic types of geometry: Euclidean, hyperbolic and elliptical. Although there are additional varieties of geometry, they are all based on combinations of these three basic types. Euclidean geometry is the original form, dating back to 300 BC, and it is the result of the work of the Greek Alexandrian mathematician Euclid, who developed the five postulates, or axioms, upon which his geometric theorems are built.
Euclid's fifth postulate, known as the parallel postulate, went without an accompanying proof for thousands of years. The parallel postulate assumes that a straight line crossing through two other straight lines and forming two same-side interior angles of less than 90 degrees determines that those two lines, if extended far enough, will eventually meet on the side of the interior angles. This assumption, however, did not take into account the idea of curved space, which was first conceptualized by Albert Einstein in his 1915 General Theory of Relativity.
The idea of space existing with either a positive or a negative curvature introduced the idea of non-Euclidean geometry, in which the parallel postulate would not always hold true. In curved space, it cannot be assured that the two lines in question will ever meet, regardless of how far they might be extended. The geometry based on space with a negative curvature became known as hyperbolic geometry. Elliptical geometry refers to the type of geometry based on space with a positive curvature.
Learn MoreGeometry is defined as the area of mathematics dealing with points, lines, shapes and space. Geometry is important because the world is made up of different shapes and spaces. It is broken into plane geometry, flat shapes like lines, circles and triangles, and solid geometry, solid shapes like spheres and cubes.
Full Answer >A point in geometry is the exact position or location on a plane surface, according to Math Open Reference. Points are typically displayed as dots, and they are given upper case letters for a name to make them easy to identify.
Full Answer >Studying geometry helps students improve logic, problem solving and deductive reasoning skills. The study of geometry provides many benefits, and unlike some other complex mathematical disciplines, geometry has many practical and daily applications. It is used in art, engineering, sports, cars, architecture and much more.
Full Answer >Sacred geometry refers to universal patterns, ordinarily appearing in sacred architecture and art. It is believed that geometry, mathematical rations and proportions are also found in music and cosmology. This is considered to be a cultural universality.
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